2014. ߻ 120 ߫ ӫѡ . ӫ
28 Ӵ ߫ԫ ߫ӡ ߽Ҫѡ ᡿տ ӫ. ӫ, ԫ ԫѽ 쿬-Һѵ ӫ. 񿼿 ӫ. ԫ (2014.) 23 Ӵ/11 Ӵ .. ߻ 120 ߫ ӫѡ . 1894.

1923. ӿ ӿ ߬߬ ᡿ ѻ. Ѯ߬ (ἴ 15/28 Ӵ) ߬ ٽ Ҭѡ ӫ. ū߽᡿Ѽ ٽ һѡ ߬ իӫ ߻. 1929 - 1933 ٽ . 7 1939 ٽ ԫ. ᡿ ѽ. ū߽ ԫ ѽ ᬽѡ, Կ߬ ѽ Ѽ ᡿ ߻ѵ . ٽ Һ Ѯ, Ѽ ѵ ѽ ѽ ѻ߬. ѡ ԫ ٮ ῡѡٮ ӿ ӫի ᬫ ߡ ӫԫѼ 󫽫 ӫ, Ѽ ߬߬ ѡ߽Ҫѽ ӴἿ. ԡ 400 Ѽ Ե իټ . "ӫ ѽ (ӫ)" (., ѽ , 2003), ". 󫽫 . ᡿ ߫᡿޿ߴ " (., ѽ "", 2004). Կ ޿ߴ Ե ի񿽿 ԫ 󫽡޿ ӫ, ԫ ѡ ߼ѡ ޡ ѽ ԫѽ. ԫ Ὣ , ԫ ӿի񿽿 ԫ ѡ, ԫ, ٽ Իѡ ӫἿ. Ӵ ի󡫼 Ҭ ӫ ѡ߽Ҫѽ ὿ ү իү ὿ ߿ ߿, Ѵ ԡ ᡿, ԫ Ѯ, Ԭүߴ Ѻ ի Ե. 黫߽ ի Ե Ἷ ὿ ټ իټ 󡿬Ἷ ѡ.

ū߽ Ѯ ѵ ѽ ӫ ѽ, Ѽ ߡ ӫѽ. ԡ, ԫ ߬ߴ 1991 , Ѭ Ӵ, 񫪿 ߴ 98-Կ. ԫ ߼Կ, իӫѡ ԫ. Ҵ ѻ Ѯ߬, Կ - ߫ ԫ.

ԫ Ѽ ѽ ԫ ԫӫ, 񫻫ѡ ᡿ "ӫ ѽ (ӫ)" ᬵѮ Ѭԫ ҡ߿ ӫԫѴ 񿼿 ӫ.

ٽ ӿ.