17 . 140 ߫ ӫѡ, 87 ߫ ԫ 񿵿 ѡ Ԭ, ѽ ѡټ ԫӻἿ.

ѡ ӫߴ 27 .. (11 ..) 1865 . ߬ ѽ Ѽ Ѯ- ɫ߿߬ ԫӫ ǽѬ II ǽѬ III . . Ԭ, ߡѽ ߻ԡ ߬߬ , ԫ ߫߬ Ѽ ٽ Ԭ߬.

1889 . ԽѼ ѡ-񿵿߬ү ǬѼ. 1893 . ڿ ԫ߬ү ᵿ. 1897 . ӿ-ѡ ѡ-񿵿߬ Ѽ. ӫѼ ߯ ߬-߬ү 󫮡 1904-1905 . ӫѽ ѡ Ѯ, Խߴ ӫ ἫӪѡ ԫ. ỿ " ѡ ߬-߬ 󫮡 1904-1905 .".

1908 . ӫ ӿ ǽѬ ӫ ạѡ Ѯ-񿬫.

իߴ 1917 Ѯ ߬ ѼѮ. Իѡ 󴺿 Ѻ Ԭ.

1 1917 . ӫ ߫ӫ ߬ү Ѽ ƫ߬, Ѽ - ӿ, ƫ߬ ߫ѡ Ѯ. ӿ Ѻ Ԭ ޽ ԯѼڿἿ ߻ Ὣ߫.

17 1918 . ѽ ߬ ѼѮ ӿ. ѽ ѡ 䫼 ߫ ạѡ . ӫ߬, Ԭ Ҽ . ӿ޽ ӿѽ.

ӫ Ԭ "ӫ, ӡ, " -
ѡ ߻.

9 1918 ѽ ѽ ..Ԭ :

"ӫ , ٮ , ѽ ߽񡯯 Ԭ ᡿ ԫ , - ᮡѮ ߯, - իԴ Ӭ, -Ѽ, ߫ѡ ޡ: Ҽ, ԫ Ҫѡ ٽ - , - ӫ ᬽѡ ԫ ѼѡѼ ᡿ѡ, ߬ ᡿ѡ Ѽ ᡿. ڡԿ, Ҫ Ҽ, Ҽ Ѯ, ҺѮ, ѽ :

ٽ ٻ߬, ԫ ߫, Ҫ Ҫټ, ߻޿ ӿ, ԫټ һ , Ѯ ߼ӿ὿ ѽ ԫ ѡ, , ٽ ѽ. ߴ Ѭ ӿ Ҫ ѽ, : ի ӿԿ, ԫ ѡ Ѽ, ի , ٽ ߫Ѽ ѡټ ի. 髫, ߽ " Ѻ ѽ ", ԫ ѽ Ѻ , ߽ ѽ ӿ߫񿡴 , ԫ ԫ Ҫ ߫ Ѽ Կ Ѯ. 񡿼 ᬿ Խ, Ѽ Դѽ ߻᡿, - ӿ ѡ, Ὣ ١ Ѫ, - ߴ . Ѭ, , ѽ ޿ӿߴ ѽߴ, ѽ Կߴ ԫ " ߫", " ߻Ѽ". ԫ ߽ ѡ, ߴ Ѯ ټ ߿ӫἿ, ԫ ߻ ٮ :

ѡټ ѡ ӿѼ ߫ߴ Ѯ Ѵѽ ƫ߬. ԫ ? ū Ҭ , ӿߴ, ԫ ߴ߬ ߴ Կߴ " ߻Ѽ", "ᬫ ߻", ߽ѽ, ߫, - "ᬫ ἿԿ ٻ߬ 1889 ". ߽ , Ѯ ߫ ߫ᡯ ԫ Խ ߻᡿ Ѯ 񿡫 ߡ. ߽ ߿, ԫ ѫᡡ ӫ߽ , Ӵ ѽ ߫ԡ ᡯѮ ެ, Ӵ իӫѼ ӴѼ ѽ Կ , Ӵ ӫѽ ԡѡ ӫ ѽ : ߽ ѽڿ ߫ ӫ߽ ټ Ѽ, 󻽫 Ѻỡ ѫᡡ Ѻ.

὿ ӫ߬ , Ҫ ޿ߴ ѽ޿ߴ, , , ߫Ѽ ѺѪ :

ӿ ԫ , ߴ, ٽ , 4 ? - Կ ٽ ޿ ߫, ԫ ߽ Ѯ ߻ - ӫի񡫮, Ѻ ӫի񿽿 , ԫ ԫ ߡ. Կ ӿի񿽿 ӫ߬ : ӿի񿽫 ѽ ߬ѡ , ӿѺ޿ ѡ ߴԬ ߫ԡ ( ӿ ԫѼ ߴ) ߻޿޿ ԡ 񫼫. ١Ҫѡ ٽ ߽ ѡ ᡡ, Ѯ ߬ ԫӫ, ӿѼ ᡫ ߽Ҫ ٮ ҡҬ. ӿ ѡ ߫ѡ ӫὫ, ѡ ѡ, ԫ , ԫ ӿ ԫ , , ѯڿ ߽. ԫ ѡ, ԫ ߽ү ӫ ԫ . ġ ԫ ὿ Կ, , ԫ ٽ ᡴ ټ, ߻޿ ỽԿ Ѽ . ԫ ѽ 󡿼᡿ : ٽ ߫ ѻѡ Ҽԡټ, ӿ ٽ ߫ԫ ߽ ѡ ӫ Ѯ ӫ󿺡 : ӿ -ԫ ӫ Ҫ 񡫮 ᵿѡԫ ӫ ѺԽѽ Կ , ߿ ( ). ū Կ, ߻ ѽ᡿, - , , ԫӫ ѡ, - ԫ , ԫټ ӿ. ӫ , ԫ , ԫ ԫ Ѽ Ѻ :"

ſ ᡫ ߽, ѡ 񫻿 .

. ߬ү ߻ Ѽ "ѡ ߻񡿬"