ӫѼ ӫ ߽ . ѡ߬ ǽѬѴ ӫ
ӫ ()
ի Ѽӿ ߬ տ

19- - 20- . ɫ߿ 󫺡 ѻѽٮ ߬ѡ Կ߬ ߽ ߽ ߬ Ѯ ټ ẫ ߿Ҽ, ߻ѡ ԫ . ԫ Ѫ ߬ ߽ Ӭ 80- 90- Ҫ ӫѡ ԫԿ. "Ԭӫѡ ߬ ᡡ Ѽ ի󡫼 Ե" ὿ 񡫮 Ѽ , ԫ Ѽ. ӡѼߴ ү Ҫ Ѭ. ѡ ԫ Ѽ, 󽿴Ѽ Կ߬ , Ѽ Ҽ ѽ᡿ Ὣ Ӽ ߽ ӿԿ. Ѽѡ Կ , ӿ ӫ߿߬ ѽ ԫἿ ӫ ѽ ѡ, ӿѽ ᵿ, ߽ , ݬ߬ Ѽ ߬ ӿի߬ ѽ ޿ӡ ӫ߿߬ . ѡ Կ ޽ : Ҫ һ޿ߴ "Ԭӫѡ ߬ ᡡ" " ". ߽ ӫѡ ٽ ӿԫ Կ Ѻ߽ ߻᡿ ѡ*, ԫ ԫӫ Ὣ ԫ ߻ӫ ạ߿ Ӭ󡫮, Ӭ󡫮 , Ὣ ѽ-߫߬ ѡ, ѡѼ ԫӿ - .

ӿ, ԫ ԫ ѡ ߽ ӫὫ . ġ Ѻ Կ Ѻԡ, 󿽫. ū Ѽ ԫ ߼ӿߴ ѡ 󫽴. ԫ ߽᡿ ߽ Ὣ Ѯ 꼴 ߻ ӿ, , ߬ "߫" ӿ߫񿡿 ѽѡ, ի ߽ ߼Կߴ Կ ߽ ߫ (߫ ѡ ߫ ߽). 諡, ԫ ѽ ѡ ߽ ߽ Ҭ.

Ѻ ѽѡ Կӫ, ԫ ԫ ߽ ߫ ߻὿ 󽿴 ߽, ѼԿ, , ٬᡿. ᬫ ӿ, ԫ Ѽ Կ ߬᡿ Ӵߴ ƫ, 諼 ӿѪ ԫ 꼴, ӿԫ. Ἣ ԫ Կ ѽ ߫᡿.  , ѡ ԫ ѫԫӫ, Ѫ ԡѡ ѡ Ѽ ߽Ҫ ӿ , ԫ ԫ ޿ ӿӿүߴ Ӭ ߽ Ѯ޿ ѡ Ӭ󡫮 տ ӵ.

髺, ԫ ӫѽᡡ ߼ Կ ӫѼ ߽ , ԫ իѽ ԫ, , ӿߴ ӫ ԫ ߬ӫٮ ( ԫ ԫ ߴ ߿ Ѯټ ӿ ѡ ߫Կ ԫ), 󫺼, Ѻ, Ѻѡټ ߬ټ. ᬽߴ ԫ, ԫ ӿԿ᡿ Կ ԫ Ѫ, ӫԫ ѫԫӫ ѡ ѡѼ . Ҽ, ӫ ߬ѽ ٽ Ҫ ѡ ݡ ѽ߬ Ὣ ѽѡ߬ Ҫ Ӭ ԫ. Կ ߡ ѻѽ Ἷ ѡԿ. ūҮ, ԫ ٮ ӫ, ԫٮ ѫի񿼫 ١Կ Ѽ, ԫ ѽ᡿ Կߴ Ҽ ѽ᡿. ѡ, ԫ ӿѽ ի ޿ ߽Ѯ, ԫ-ԫ ѡ . ᡿ Կѽ ԡѡ ѡ Ѽ ѻѽ Ѯ ԫ ӫԿ, ԫӫ Ҫ ߻ Ӭ, ڡ ԫ Ѻ.

ԡٮ Ὣ ԫ Ѭ ѡ὿ ѡ ߽ ѫᮡټ ԫ ѽ ߽, ԫӫ . ӫѼ, ԫ, ԫ Ѫ ӫ߿߬ ߽ ٽ һ. ԫ ӡ, Ѻ߽Ҫѡ ߬ѽ ٽ Ӫ ԫ ԡѡ ѽ ߫᡿, ԫѼ Ѽ ӫ. ꡫ ѽ, ԫ Ѫ ߬὿ ѫԿ߬ ߽߬ Ҫѡ ᬫ Ӵ. ߫ѡ ӿ 򫼴, ѡѼ , ԫ , ԫӫ ᡡ ӫ߬ ѡ "", ԫ ߽󡫮 , Ԭٽ , ԫ ߽ ӿԿ . ūҮ, Ӵ Ҫѡ ߽񡿮 ߬὿ , Ӵ ߡ , ӿ ԫԿ . 滫 19-20 Ѭ ếѽ Խ὿ 󫽡ѡ ݻտ ӿ 쿬 ߽޿ ԫ ߫ӫ. ١ޡ, ߼ӿѼ Ἷ ߫Կ ߽ Իԫ Կ Ѭԡ ѽԿ. ɫ߿ Ԭ὿ ߼ԡ ԫ ԫ߬ ߽. ԫ ߻߫Ὣ ӫ᡿ ߬ ߬ Ӵ . . ѽѿ Կ߬ , ӡ ԫ Ѭ . ӫ᡿ ߬ Ѯ ٽ Ӵ ᡫ ԫ ߫ټ 󿪡߬ ի ԫ , Կ߬ ߻Ἷ ɫ߿ Ὤ.

ѡ 20 Ѭ 󫺡 ѫ ԫ Ѽ ӫѼ, ᡿ "߬ ߼". ӫѼ, ӫѮ ạ߿ ߻ӫ, ٽ ߡ ӫԫ ѡ ӫ, ѡ "߻񡿬Ἷ ѡ ߻" ѡ 17-18 ..:

" 1. ū ѡ ᡿, , ếߴ Կѽ ƿի ߬, " ߴ߬ ѡ Ἣ ", ѽ ߫᡿ Ѽ 꼴 , ԫ :

2. ū 꼴 ԫ ߼߽ , ԫ ߽ߡټ ӡ ӫիѡ ԫ ừڿ .

3. ū ӿ ѡ ߻ ῡ, , Ѽ , ᬫ ѡ ѡүѼ ߫ӿߡѡ Ἷ :" ( .. ѵ .156).

Ѫ Ѽ ѡ ԡѮ޿ ѽ ߫ 񽫪ѡ Ѽ, ߼ӿ ԫӿ 󫺡 ߻. Դ ӫ ԫӿ ի Ἤ ߼ӿѼ Ἷ Ѽ, ᬫ ߻߫ү ߡ ạ ߻ӿԿ ߼߽Ѽ Ҫѡ. Ἷ ߫Կ ӿ߽ Ҫѡ Կ ӫ߫ ѼὫ Կ , Ѻ ԫ Դѽү ߽߬ү ӫѼ. ԫ ѽ ߼ѡ ԫ ѽ ߻ӫ ٽ ߽ѡ ߫ټ ԫѽἿ Ἣ Ѯ ԫ ӿ. ѽὫ ߫ѡ ѡ ߫ Ѫѡ ߿, " ԫ ߼ Ҽ, Ӵ ߻Ӵڿ ԫӫ ԫ, Ѽ ߻Ӵ, ߫Ӵߴ 񫡫ߴ ,: ߵ Ѻᮡ" ( .161). 髺, ѡ ԫ ԫѽ Ҫѡ ӫ߫, ӫ߿ ѡ ߽߬ү Ѻ ӫѼ. ѫի񿼫 Կ 󡿼᡿ ԫ, ԫ 񫬽 ߫ԫ ѽ ߫Կ 1913 , Ѫ Ѽ ٽ ߽ ᡿, ߫ԫѼߴ 1917 . Ѫ Ѽ, Ѯ޿ ѽүڿ 濡 񿡫 ߼ӿ ѽ, ᡡ "߬ ߼ԫ". ᬫ ԫ Ҫѡ 񫬽 ӫ ߽үڿ : -, 濡 ߿ ٽ ի ԡ ӫѼ ѡѮ ԫ ѽ, ޿ Ѽ ߿Ҽ (߫Կ ٽ ի һѼ ӫѼ; ԫ ԫ , ԫ ӿѡ 񫽪 ߫ԫ ߬ ѽ ٽ ߽ տӿ, տѻ߬ 쿬); , -ԫ, ߽ߴ Ѫ ߿ᵿ, 񿼫, ߫Ѽ ѡ, ѡѡ Ѽ ߽ ӿ߽ ѡ ԡ ԫ ѫ߬ , Ѽ ٽ , ԫ ԫ ٽ Ҫ Ѭ ߽߬ "߻" ի-١1. ԫ ѡ ԡ ߻ӫ ٬ ԫ ԫѡ, ү ѻӿӿ ԫӫ. ū-񿼫, ѡ ԫѽ, ế޿ߴ ߻Ӵ, ү ߬ү 񼿡ᵿ "迡" ߫޿ ӿ ᡫѡ, ԫӫ ӿѽ Ѯ , ѡ "", ѻ߬ ߿ ѽѡ2. ᬫ ѡ ᡿ ߫Կ Ҭ ԫ, ԫ ߽߬ ߻Ѭ ӫѼ ( , ԫ Ҭ ߽ Ѽ ūԡ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ3) ٽ ѡ Ѽ ߽ աԡ, ߽ ὿ ᬫ- Ѻ ߽߬ ὿ Ӭ󡫮 , իԴ һߴ ԫ, ԫ Ѭ ӫ὿ ѡ ߽߬ү ӡ ߬ᡡ ѡ, ӫ߼ѽ " ". ӫѼ, ӿ Ѯ ҼѡԿӫᡡԿ, ߬, 󻫽 ѽ, ѡ "迡" ӿ ѡ Ѭԫү Ѻѽ Ѯ. ߴ ߽, ѫѡѮ޿ ߿ , ӿ ԫ ԡѡ ߽ ᬫ޿ߴ ӿ ᬫ Ѫ Ἷ, ѫի񿼫 ӿ, ԫ, ᬫ, ߫ӡ ѡ Ӭ ٽ ڱ ԫ ѽѡ ᡡ ӫ, 񿡫 Ѯ. 欫 , ӿ ߼ѡ ԫ ӫ 󻫽 ѡ 󫺡 ῼ 񫻫᡿ ԫӫ - 񿡫 Ӽ ҪѼټ ӫѼ. , ӿ, Ѯ , ѡ ߽, Ҽѡ ǡӫ (), Ӫ, ԫү ὿ ߽ ߬ ߽ ߫, ӿ, ԫ "ٽ ޿ ߻ , ԫ Ѯ Ӫ ߽ Ӵ ߽ѡ ߽ ߫ [.ѽ ѡ߬, ..ӿ, ӫ. ҽᬫ, .. - .] ѡԿ Ἷ ѡ ѡ Ӭ󡫮 " (Ҽѡ ǡӫ () .38). ѡ , ԫӫ ߽Ὣ ߽ ӿԿ߬ ߽ Ҫ ԫԿ.

ᬫ Ѽ ߴ ԫӿ߬ ߬᡿ ߫ һӫѡү ӫ ޿ߴ ߫Կ ( ߫ѡ, 󫺼Կ ߴ ҼѡἿ ԫ Ѽѡ Ѽ һ , ԫ ӿߴ , ѡ ߽ 33 "߽߬ ". ѡ ԫ ԫѽ ߻߫ ӿԿ ѡ ߽ѽԿ ߫Կ Ѭԫ ޿ ԫԿ).

Ὣ ԡ ѡ, ߽ ߬ ԡ "߬ ߼", ѽ Ѻٺԡ ӵ ӿ " ", ỿᡡ ӿӡ ԫ Ѽ Ѯ ԫѼ ѽ ߬ ߿Ҽ. (ū ߫ѡ ӡ ᡿ , ԫ ߫ "ٮ իٮ , ߫ӵѽ ѡ ߫ԫ" (ӯ ߡ Ѽ ӡٮ .77). ѡ Ѯ ѽӫ὿ ѮѼ . ᬫ ԫ Ẽ޽ѡ ӿӫ ѡ , ߻ԫ տի. "" ٽ , ԫ 1912 Ӫ ӿ ᡿. ٮ ߽ߴ ӿ ѽ, ޿ ѫԫӫ ߬ ѡ ӫ ӿӫ ѡ , ߫߫ Ҫ ѯڿߴ 󿪡߬ ԫ. ٮ , ߬ ߬ ӿ, ӫ ի󡿬 ѽѿ Ӵ ỿ ѵѡ һү , ԫӫ "ӿ . ӿ Ӫѡ, ԫ 꼴 ӿ Ѻ߿ , ԫ ӪὫ Ἷ . ӿ, ߽ѽ" ( .79). ߼Ӵ ԫ, ԫ һ ѵѡ ٽ , ѱ ߱ ὿ ߽ѡ տѻ߬ ǡԫ (ừ󿵬) ӡ "߬ " 1912 . (ᬫ, ԫ, ѡ ѽ ѡ߬ ѡԿӫ ԫ ѡ: ": ԫ , ᬫ, ԫӡ ԡ, ԫ" (.ѽ ѡ߬ .291)). ӿ, ԫ ٬ ǡԫ ٽ ټ ӫԿ󡿬 ߽ ᡡ ѵѡ ѽ ѽ ޿ ᡡ ѡ, ᬫ Ѻҽ ߬ Խ὿ Ҽᡡ. ԫټ ٽ ӫ. ǽѬѮ (߬), ԫٮ ӿӪߴ Խ ѡ, , ԫ " , ӫ߿ ߫ , ᬫ ӫԫ ѽ߬ , ѽ߬ ѡ" ( .79). ߡ ạ߿ ѡѼ Ӭټ Ҫ ᡿ ӫޯ ӫ ߿Ѵ "ӫԿ ߽ Կӿ". ԫ ޫ , ᡡٮ 1912 , ߫Ӫ ߽ү ߬᡿: "꼴 , ԫ ߬, ԫ 꼴 , ѽ ? - ԫ 󫺼. 꼴 Կٮ ?"4 . 諡, ٮ Ѻ ѫӫټ , ᮡѮ , ѫ߻ѡټ. ѽ ߫ѡ ߽ ѡѼ ߽үڿ "ǻ 꼴 꼴 ", ӿѪѮ ӫ ǡԫ (ҽԫ), ԫӫ , ӫ, Ӫ, ԫ "߫ѽ ѡ᡿ "5. Ѻ١ѡ ԫ , ԫ һ "ǻ" ٽ ᡿ . ѡ߬, ߡ ԫ ᡿ ᡫ һѽ Ѯ " ᬵ". Ѯ ү ӿԿ ӫ ǡԫ: "߫ѡ ӫ ǡԫ, ߻߫ Ҫѡ ӫ, ի үڿ , , Ѻ 󻫽 ԡ ڿ" (. ѽ ѡ߬ .291), - իԴ Ѫ ӫ ٽ Ӭ ߽үڿ ߽: ". ǡԫ ӿ߻߫ ѡ ѡ ѽѡ߬ ᡿" ( . 297). ѵ ѽ Ѫѡ ԫѽ ѡ, ԫӫ ߽үѼ ếߴ ӫ. ҽᬫ, .. : " ӫ ѡٮ [ ѡ Ѽ - .], ߴ ߫ Ѽ ԫἿ ի ᡿ , ߫ Ѽ , ѽ, ԫ ޿ߴ ߻ һ Կ ạạѮ޿" (Ҽѡ ǡӫ () . 37). Ѽ ѡ ӿѺ ӫ Ӵ ԫӫ Ѫѡ ὿ Կ߫ ѽѬ. Ѽ, ѫի񿼫 Կ 󡿼᡿ ߽ү ߽: ѡ Ѽ ߫ ԫ ѯ ԫٮ ߼߽ ѡ: : Ԭߴ Ҭ, ԫټ ߴ , Ҭ, ԫټ ӫ߿ߴ , ߽ᮡ ߽, ԫ ߽ᮡ ѽѬ ӫ߿ټ ѡѼ (. ߿ (ѽѡ) . 173)6.

ū , 1913 ѡߴ ѡѼ ߫ 濡 ū߽᡿ " ߬ ߼" 18 1913 7. 3 ԫ ѡٮ ѻի "߫" ӿٽ . ѽ ѡ ݬ߻񿵿 ٽ ߿ѡ ѽѡ -߽ ѽѮ, ᬫ ѽ ѽѿ Ӵ Ԭ὿ ߴ, ԫ ٽ ԫᡫ ߫ӫԿѡ. 櫽 ٽ ѽѡ ừ, ռѽ Ѯ, ٽ ӿᡫ " ٬Ἷ ӿἿ". ƫ Ѻ ߼ѡ ߻߽ ߿ᵿ. Ѫ Ѽ, ỿߴ ѬӴ, ټ Ἷ ٬ ӿ Ὣ 46 ѽ. ٽ ӫԫ ѡ . , ᡿ տѻ. 쿬, ὿ Ӫѡ ߽, ӫԫ ỿᡡ ӫ. ӫ, ӿ޿ ӿ ԫ. 1914 ߽ ү ӫޯ ᡿Ѽ "߽ Ӭ ᡿ ѡ ߫". ѡ, ԫ ᡡ ӫѡ ӫԿ ѡ. ᬫ 濡 ԫ ԫ ӿ ỿᡡ, , ԫ, ի Ѭѡ "Ἷ", ѡ ԫӫ ٽ ӿԫ ߡ᡿ ѽѡ Ѯ 濡 14-18 ὴ 1914 . ѮѼ ԡѡ Ӭ󡫮 տ ߽ ѡߴ, Ӵ ɫ߿߬ ӯ 쿬 ǽѬӫ, ӫѼ ӿ Ἣ ߬ѡ Կ "ѡ ߻񡿬 ѡ ". 黫 󫺼, ԫ ѡ ӫ ԫ 󽿴 Ѻٺԡٮ "ѵ" ӿӿ ߻Կ. ԫ ԡѡ Ѻ١ߡټ 󽴯ߴ ᡿ .. ѽѵ. " 񡫼 ޿ . ǡӫ ߻Կټ ѽ Ѽ : իѽ ٴߡ, ٽ ᬿ- 󽿴 ߻Կ ߫ ԫӫ ᬫ- Ҫ, ᡿ߴ Ӭټ ӫἿ, ӿ ӫԿ , ӿ Ѽ ὫԿ, ѽ ӿ޿ ᮡ ӫ Կ ի Ѭ ( ٽ տ) Ѻᡡټ ӫἿ ԫ ߬ 󫺿 ᬫ ѵ ":". ӫ ǡӫ Ѽ ߻Կ, ߽ ۴ߡѡ ạ߽, ӫ , ӴѮ Ӫ ѡ ٽ , ԫ ٽ ԫӫ ԫ ѡ ߬ ; ӿ ԫ, Ѽ ӫ, , , Ӵ Կ ѽ , ԫ ԫ տ ӿӪߴ ԫ ԫ᡿ ѡ , Ӵ, ԫ , ԫ ߻ ԫ 󡿮. Ѽ ߻Կ Ѽ "8. ߫ѡ, ԫ "Ѭѡᵿ" "ӵ" ߻߫ ӿ ѬѡѼ ѡ ᬿ ի, , ӿ, տѻ߬ ǡԫ (ừ󿵬) 쿬 (ɫѡ߬), Ҫ ѡ ѻӿԿ ߽, ԫ ޽ ѡ Ѵ 濡. 髫 ߫ߴ Խѡ, ԫ Կ ѡ ԫ ӫԫ իѽ , ԫ 񿽿 󫺼 Ҫѡ ӫ ѡ Ѽ, ӫѼ ޽ ѱ ҪѡѼ 󫺼 Ὣ ѡ ߬ ӫ, ӿѬѼ "իټ " ᡿ ӿӿ ߻Կ9. ԫ ߫ߴ ԫ, ԫ ӿӿ ٽ իӫޫ 񫼽ѡ "ԫ Ѽ ߻".

ѮѼ ߽ ٽ Իѡ ӫ ѡ ѡ. ӫ ѡ ūԡ , Ҫѡ, Ӭ󡫮 ߼ ߽ ޿ߴ ԫӫ ԫ ѡ Ὣѡ ӿի ѻԿ ( ߽Ҫѡ). Կ ѡ ԫѽ ߬ Ӭ ٽ ٺᡫ ѡ ӫ ạ߿ ѡ Ѽ Ӭ󡫮 տ. ū ߽ Ҽѡ ǡӫ, ߡ, ԫ "߼ ߬ ӫ߿߬ү", Ӵ ӿ, ԫ ӫ ӫ ٽ , ߬ ߽, ߬ѡ ѻӿԿѼ ѽ ߬ ի ᡿Ѽ ūԡ , ԫٮ 񫽪ѡ ٽ ޿ , Խ ѡ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ . ԫ ߽ ὿ 󫺡 ạ߿ Ѫ Ѽ, ԫ ᡿ߴ Ҽټ ѽ᡿Ѽ (տ. ) ѽ ߫ Ѯ ԫ Ӭ, Ѽ, ԫ Ӽҽӫ ߽ "ѽټ ѡ ӡټ" (ӫ. ǡԫ (ҽԫ)). ᬫ ԫ ԫӿ ߽ ߴ ӫ񫽪ѡ ѴѽԿ ߽߬ ѡ ߽߬ Ҫ, ߽ѡ տ. ߬. ޿ ԫ ߬ Ἤԫ ߫ѡ ޡ ٽ ᬿ Կ, .. , ..ӫ-߬, ..ӫ, ߬ ԡ ߬ ԫ Ѽѡ ߫, ᬪ տ. ӫ - ߿ ӿѮ. ԫ ߴ Ե ѡ߬, ԫ ԡѡ ޿ ߽Ἷ ߴ ӿӪѡѼ ѡ տ. , ߬ ᡿ ᡫ߬ ᬫټ Ѽ. ᬫ Ԭ ԫӿ ߫Կ, ӿ޿ ѡ Ѽ Ἷ ӫѡ.

߼ѡ ߬ ߫ ߽, ѻѡ ԡߴڿߴ ӫ ߽, Ѫ ѻѼѡ ᬫߴ Ѫѡ 󫺺ѡ Ἷ ߽, ѡټ Ҫ һ Ἷ . ߫ѡ, ߴ 󫺼ټ ӫ ߽ѡ ӫޯ , ᬫ տ ӿ " ", ӡ ѡ ߴԬ ߬ ߿Ҽ, ѿᡡ 1998 , һ ӫѡ ѡ ѱ , ѡ ѻѡ ߫ӵ᡿ ߼߽ѡ ѡ . ᡿ Ӫ ߬ߴ ԫ Ѭ ѡ, ԫ ѡ Ѽ ٬ ừ Ѻٺԡ "Ԭӫѡ ߬ ᡡ ի󡫼 Ѽ Ե", ԫ ٽ ѻ ߬ Ҽѡ ߿Ѽ ߱ ԫ 1884 . ѫի񿼫 Կ 󡿼᡿ ԫ, ԫ "Ԭӫѡ ߬" ѿ὿ ӿӡ ԫ Ѽ, ԫ ߽, ԫ 1911 . ԫ ѬԿ ѽ ѻѽ , Կ, ߽ ԫ ԫӿ߬ ӿ ӫ ի󡫮 ѱ ޿ ӫѡ, ᬿ Ѫ ٽ һ ߿ ὿ ԫѼ10.

Ѫ ߽ ѫի񿼫 Կ 󡿼᡿ ԫ, ԫ Ἷ ӫ, ѫ Ҫѡ, 󫺡 Ѻҽ ի ѡ . ѡ ԫ ԫѽ ӿ ѻѽү, ᡡ ߽, Կ ԫ, ԫ ԫ ߽᡿ 񫽪 ի -ԫ ߫ Ѽ, Ѽ ԫ Ẽ߽. ԫ, , ᮡѮ , ߽᡿ 񫽪 ѽѡ ѻѡ Ѭԡ Ἣ ӫѼ. ѡ ԫ ߫ԫ ѡ ߽ Ѽ ߽. , ѽᡡ տի ӿ, 󫺡 Ѻҽ ի ߬᡿, ߫Ӵѡ 11. ᬫ ԫ ԡٮ ᡿ ᡿ѡ ἬἿ ѬԿ Ѫ᡿. ġ ԫ. ġ ի Ӫѡ Ѽ ԫ߬ , ԡ ߬ 󿪡. Ѽ ߽᡿ Ѽ ӫӿ ӡ տ ӿ Ѽ ѡټ ẫ, ᬿ ԫ Կ 12, Ѽ ԫ ߫ ᬫѡټ Ӭټ ԫ. ᬫ , Ѽ ѻѼѡ Ѽߴ ߿ ѬԿԿ, 󫺼 ԫ ߽.

, տ ӿ Ҫ Ѽ ӫᡡ ѻѡ 󴺿 ѡ Ἣ , ῼѡ ߫ѡ: ѡ Ѽ ӿ . ӿѼ ѡүڿ ѡѼ ӫ ᡿ ѡ, ԫ ѡ տ. ӿ, ߴ Ӫѡ ӿԿ᡿ " ԫ ѻѽ Կ, ߫ߡ ѡټ ԬӫѡѼ, ټ Կ Ҽ, ԫ ѡ Ѽ ӿ " (տ. ӿ 57). ԫ 󻫽 ѽѡ ߬, ԫ ᡿ ԫ Կ 󫺼 ԫ Ѽ . ߬ 󿪡 ӫѼ ԫ߬ ᡿. ӿ ԫ, ߽ ᡿ Ѯ, ѡ , ѵ ӿ ߡ᡿ ѽ߬ ᡿ (.15:4): "ի ߴ ի, ӿ ԡ ѡ" ( տ. ӿ . 57-58). ӿ ԫ , ӿ ѫի񿼫 ѬԡԿ ӫ ᡿ ᡿. ū , ѫի񿼫 Կ 󡿼᡿ ԫ, ԫ, Ӵ ѡ Ѽ, ߽ Ҫ ӿ. ԫ ѡ ߫ѡ, ԫ, ߫ѡ, ٽ "ӵἿ" ߻ ߻ټ Ἷ. ߴ ԫӫ . ӿ, ѡ "Ѯ 꼴 ". ᬫ ٽ ߻ , ԫ ߽ ߫Ὣ ԫ ߿ѽ, ԫ ὿ ᮡ ԫ ӫ. , ߡ Ѫѡ , ߴ ԫӿ ᡡ ӫ߬, ԫٮ, Ѫ ӫ, , ԫ ": Ѽ - - Ѻڿ ѻӫٮ". Ѽ ѡ .ӿ ӿ Ե, ԫ Ժߴ , "ӫ ѡ" (տ. ӿ .69). ԫ ӿ Ѫ ԫ, ԫ ᡿ ԫ Կ ӫի ߫ , Ҽ ѽ᡿, ᬫ ѡ ߵѡѡԡٮ . ԫ Ὣ ѮѼ 󫺼 տӿ ӫ (ӫ), ѫѽ ѻ 濽 ߬, ỿ ߽үڿ ӫ: " ѡѼ ӿ, ߫ԡ ԫ ӡ Կ, Կ ӡ" (տ. ӫ (ӫ ) .121). , ԫ "", ԫӫ Ӻѡ Ҫ տ, ӫԫ ѽ߬ , ԡ 꼴, ӿѪ ԡ Կ. Կ 󡿼᡿, ԫ Ӭ󡫮 Կ ӿ ѡ ѡ ѡ Ѽ ߴ ӫԫ , ѯ ᬫ-ԫ ᬫ- ޡ , , ӿѪ Ѭԫӫ ԫ. ԫ ѽߴ ԫ ߬ ѽ, ߫ ѽѡ ի ߡ᡿. ԫ ߴ ߿ѽѼ ѡ ݡ Ἣ ӿ.  , ӫ߿ ѡ ѬѼټ, ߽үڿ ẫ: " , ߻, ѡ Կ ѡ Ѽ ԫ Ѽ:". ūԫ ѮѼ ӫ ǡԫ (ҽԫ) ߽, ỿ, ԫ ӿ ӫԫ ѡ , ѡ, ԫӫ ӿѪ ѡ ӿ, Ѻ ԫ . ᡡ ߽ 꼴 һ 󴺿 ڡ, Ѽ ( ӫԫ Ѽ Ѭԫټ ԿѼ), , ԫ, ԫ ߿, իڿ ٮ ᡿ ߿, ԫ ѻѡ, , , ѽ ӿ, ԫ Ҫ ӫԫ ߵѡѡԡ, Ἷ ߴ ߫ԡ ߫ӿڿߴ ߫ԫ ӿ, ߵѡѡԡ13. ѡ ѫ ӿӫ ѡ ߽ ߬ ߽, ԫ , ԫ ԫߴ Ѯ. տ ӿ ӿ ԫ ѫᮡ ߿ ѡ 14, ԫ ѫ߻ӿ, . ѵѡ " ", ѵ Ӫ ߽ү: "Ѫ , Ҫ ߽, ԫ , Ἣ . ġ ԫ 󿽫 󫿼 ԿѼ ѽ, ѽ ӿ ߬ 񡫼 ߿:, Ὣ Ѫ , Ѫ ߴ ӡ Կ , ߱ ١ , ѡ ӿߡ, ӿߡ " (տ. ӿ . 885). ԫ ѽߴ ߡ᡿ ߽ ǻԫ , ᡡ ߽, 15 . ߱ ԫ ӿ ᡿ ߫ ӿӫ ѡ ѡ, ѫѽ, ѡ ߽, Ἣ . Ѽ 󿪡 ԫ ӫ ߽, ԫ ߴ ӿ ѡ Կ ѽᡡ .

, Ӫ ѡ ѡ , ߽ ѽ ѡ Ἣ , ᬫ Ԭ὿ Ҭ, Ҭ ߽ᮡ ߽, ԫ Կ . 髫, "ӿ᡿ ѡ: ѽ ẫ ߽Ѯ" (໿߬ ᬽ߬ ώ . 200), - Ӽҽӫ Կ , ԫ ٽ ӿѡ Ҽ ѽ᡿ ߫ ߬ ѽἿ. 潫 ᬽ ԫ Ӽҽӫ᡿ ᬫѡ.

߽ ߽ ӫԫ 󫺼 ٽ , ԫ ߽ ѡѼ ޽ ԫ, ԫ ᡿ߴ ѡѼ ѡ ᡡ 󴺿 . "꼴 ߼߽ - ᡿, "ݡ" ԡѡ , ߫ѡ 꼴 - ԫ߬ ᡫ 쿼. ġ ի : ġ - Ѫ Ἷ ; , ԫӫ ӿի ԫ ѡ ߿. ԫ - ԫ Ѻ ӿ᡿ . Կ ѡѼ Ѻ ӿ Ѭү ߴѼ: ߫񿡴 . Ѽ, ԫ ѡ, ѬѼ ߫, ѡ , ᡿: ѡ ݡ - ի ѡ Ἣ " (տ. ӫ (ӫ) . 117). 꼴 " իٮ ", ѽѡ ѻѡ - ᡡ ڡ. ԫӫ ѡ ᬪ ԫ ߫ạ ߬߿. ߬᡿: "ԡ ߻ ӿ Ѯ, ѡ Ѽ ԫ",- , ߼Կ . ū ߫ ߽ 󿪡, ѡ , ӿ ѻ᡿. , ӿ, ߫Ѽѡ ӫԿ󡿬 ߽ տӿ ӿӿ ߽үڿ ẫ ѡ ߬ ߫ӵ᡿: " ѡ Կ 2000 ߽ ӫ὿ ү 񿡫ڡү ѽү ү ӫ, ߬ ү ԫ :" (տӿ ӿӿ . 24-25). Ѫ Ѽ, ѡ ӿԫ, ߫ӵѼ ԫ ѡ . ԫ ạ߿.

꼴 ߫Ӫ᡿ ڡ, , ӿ, ԫ ѽ , ڡ, 꼴 ߪԫ ߡ ߫Ӫ ڡ, ߻ѡ ѯ. Ҭ Ἷ Ҭѡ ᬿ ԫ ߽ һ ԫӫ . ū 꼴 ӿ὿ߴ. ѡ ᡡ ӫ ế ԫ, ԫ ߿ ế Ҭ. ԫ ߽ ӿ ѽѡү ߿󫽿. ԫ ߫ѡ իӫޫ ߽߬ ٬, ԫӫ, ӿ, ѡ һѡ ԿԽ ӿ ѡѡ ߼߽16. ᮡ ߽ ѡ Ԭ ӫ ǽѬѮ ӫ , ԫٮ, ԫ Ҫ һὫ, ӿѪ ߬߬ Ҫ ߽. Ѯ "߫ ѡ", ỿᡡ Խѡ ߽, ߬ ߬ ᡿, ߡ ի Ѻ. -, "ѽѬ, ԫӫ ѡ, ԫӫ ԫ ӫԫ Ҭ, Ἷ ߼߽ ѡԿ, ԫ ѽѬ Ѽ իѼ ѮѽԿ" (.. . 34). -ԫ, Ҭ "Ѽ ѡ ߬ ӿߡҽ 񽿡 ڡԿ ѡ, իԴ ѫի񿼫 ߽ ԫ ڡԿ" ( . 47). ū Կ, Կ Ѻ ߽ ӫԿ ѡ ѡ Ҭ Ҭ ѡ. ԫ Ἣ ѽ ѡ ߽. 佴 ԫ Ἣ 꼴 Ԭӫѡ ߴ ԬӫѡѼ. ԫ Ѻ Ѽ ߽ һ ӫԿ ѡѼ Ӭ. ӫԿ, ԫ Ԭ 꼴, ԫӫ ߴ ѡ. ߴ ᡿ ӵ 󫺼 ԫ ԫ ߽, ߽ ԫ Ἷ Ԭԫ. 꼴, ԬѼ ӵ, ߫Ὣ ѽѬ ѡ, ᡿ ѽѬ, ӿѼ ԬԿ ԫ ӫի񿽫 ѻѡ " Ѯ ߿ " (տ. ӫ (ӫ) .108). " 󴺿 Կ Ἣ 꼴 ѪὫ ӿ . ѡ ᬽѡ 󫮡 ߿: 񡫮 ԫӫ, ѡ , - ᡿ Ѽ. ߯ ӿ 꼴 " ( . 109). ūԫ ߽, ޿ ߫ӫѡٮ Ҽ ѽ᡿ ߫, ߬὿ Ӭ, ԫٮ ߴ ԫ, ԫ 󫺼 ٽ ߬ Ҽ, ᡫ޿ ӿ ԫӫ Կ, ӫԿ󫻫ѡ ի󡫼 Ѯ ӿӫ. ᬫ ӫԿ󫻫ѡ ӫի ѻ᡿ ڡԿ Կ . ԫ, Ү, ѫ ߽ - ѽѡ ѻѡ ӫټ ի󡫼 Ἣ ӵ. ġ ߡҽ ԫӫ ѡ , ԫ ޡ ӿ. 꼴 ߽ - ԫ ƣ . 꼴 - ԫ Ԭӫѡ Ἣ ԫ , ᬿ ߴ Ԭӫѡ , ߫Ӫ ᮡ Կ ѡ ڡԿ. ߽, տ ӿ Ẽ޽ Ѽ : " ѡ, ߱ 񿡫:", - ѽ ᬿ : ", ߽ ӿԫ: ѽ ѡ , ԫ Ҫ ߴ ᬫ ߫ѡ, ԫ - ի, 񿼫, ԿѼ ԫ ҼѡѼ, Ѯ ѡԿ - 񫽪 Ѽ Կ , Ѽ , ߴ 񿡫 . ߻ ߽ѡ ߫ , ᬫ , ԫ Ѽ ߫᡿ ӿѼߴ ġ, ߻ . Ѯѽ ߡѮѼ ѡ 쿼, ѡѮ , 󫺼Կ ѽ Ѯ " ( տ. ӿ .891). , ߫ѡ, ӿի ᡿ 󴺿 ѡ ѡ ݡ, ԫ Ӵ 󿪡 ߫޿ ѻѡ Ҽ ѽ᡿ ԫ 󽴽 ԡ ߻ Կѽ ӿӿ ѡԫ. ԫ ῼԡѡ ѡ ӡ ѡ ݡ, , ߫ ӫ ߫ Ҫѡ ߬. ѮѼ Կ ѿ 󫻽Դߴ .. .

ӫ ǡԫ ( ҽԫ ), "ǻ :", ỿ Ѯ ߻᡿, ԫӫ ӿ, "ԫ "", ߴ ѡ᡿ ߿ ѡ" ( ǻ . 188).  ߫ߴ , ӫ, ӫԿߴ Ѽ ѡ, ԫ ߬ ԫ ߬ , ߽ᡡٮ ɫ߿, ӵ. Ѭԫ ѡ ԫ ԡѡ ѡѡ. ᬫ ߡټ ᪡ټ 󽴯ߴ ߽, ڿڿ Ѫѡ . ūԫ ӿѡٮ Ѻ ѡ. ū Կ ѽ, . ǡԫ Ѽ Ҽѡ ѻӿԿ, ԫ ߬ , , ԫ ߽ " ѡ Ҽ , Լ Ҫ ԫ ӿ᡿ Ҽ ѡ ߻, ߫ү ի Ӵ ޿ һѡ ߫ӵ᡿" ( .18). ū Կ, ߬ , ѽᡡ ӵ, ӿ ѡ ԫ , ԫ ߻ ԫ ѽ, ӿѪ ߬ѽ ѽ߬ ӿӫ Ѭԫү ߽ᮡԿ, Ѫ Ѽ " ߽ߡ Ѯ " ( . 5). ӿ ԫ 꼴 , ѡ Ԭӫѡ, ߫ѡ ߴ ѡ 濽, ءѮ, ߿ үѮ. ߬ ӿ ի ӿӫ, ￵, 껫, ԫ 꼴 ӿѪ Ѽ Ѽ ѽѬ ߻. ѡ , ԫ 꼴 Ѯ Ѯ ݡ Ѯ. ӫߴ 꼴, ѽѬ "ᮡѮ", ߫Ѽѡ ӿԿ, ừԫ߬ Ѽѡ, 꼴 - ߿" (໿߬ 俫߬ ώ .196). ԫ Ӭ. Ԭ ế ѡ ߽ ԫ ӫ. 񫽪 ӫ ǡԫ, Ѯѽ ߼ ҼѡԿӫᡡ, ߫ ߫ ԫ߬ ԫ, ԫ . ߴ ߽, 󽴯ߴ ѽټ. ߽ ѡ ү ԫӿ, ԫ ὿ ԫ ԫ. , ѡ ߽, ߽ ٽ , ԫ ѽ ᮡ ԫ ѡ , ԫ ѮѼ ޿ ѡ Կ ߬ . ԫ 󻫽 󫺼, ԫ ӡү ӫ Կ ߻ Ὣ ԫ, ԫ ԫ ߫ӫѡ ῡѡ ӫ, ڿߴ ߫ӵѽ ѡ , ٽ ١ѡ ѫ Ҫѡ ԫ ѡٮ ի ٽ ԫ ߽ᮡټ ԫӫ ѽ ԫ ߻, ѻѡټ ԡἿ.

ѫի񿼫 ѡ ߽Ѯ Ѯ, ѡ ԫӫἿ տ ӿ, ߬ ߽ ᡿ " ". , ߫ѡ, ѵѡ, ߫߫ᡡ ޿ߴ ԫ߬ ѡѼ ޿ ӫԫ 󡿼ѽ ԫӫ ӿ ӫѡ ѵѺѼ , ὿ ټ , ԫ, ߽Ҫ ߽ ӿἿ, ԫ, ᮡѮ , Ἷ 󫺡ѡ Ԭ ạ߿ ῼ 񫻫᡿ ԫӫ ӫԿ󡿬 ߬ 󫺺ѡ ߫ .

Կ, ԫ ٽ Ἷ , ѡ ԫӿ ߽, 񿽿 Ӭү ١Կ Ҫѡ ūԡ ӫ ѡ Ѽ ߫ ߫ү 񬫼߿ ѡ ѡ, 񽫪ѡ ߼ѡ. ѡ ԫ 񬫼߿ ٽ ѽѮ޿ Կ. ѽѼ ѱ ٽ ѻ߬ ū߬ ѫ (ӫ), ѱ ѡ ӫ. .. ҽᬫ . .. ѵ. ߡټ ѼἿ 񫬽, ѡ ӫἼ , ٽ " ߫߬-ѽ ѡ ӫ ᡿ ѡ " "Կ-߬Կ߬ ѡ ӫ ᡿ ѡ ", ӿѪ޿ ߫ѡ ӫ. . ҽᬫ ѻ. ѫ. Ѭԫټ ѡ ᡿, 񬫼߿ ߽.

"߫ ѡ", ԫ ߼ѡ, ٽ ѡ ӫ. Ѽ ҽᬫټ 1942 Ѽ ݼᵿ, ᬫ ѱ ὿ ߴ ڱ ɫ߿, 󴺿 ԫ ӫի޿ ԫ .

ᬫ ӫἿ ԫ Ѽ ӿ ӡԿ ѻ. ώ: " ѡ ޿ӫ ᡿ѡ ӫ ѿѡѼټ Ἷ" ( ໿߬ 俫߬ ώ . 213). ټ Ἷ, ᬿ 󽴯ߴ ᪡ټ ԫ , ѡ , ߻ѡ ӿ.

ӿ ӫ߼ ߡ , ỿᡡ ߬ ѽټ ߽ѽ ߽, ӫߴ ԫ, ԫ ޿ ߽᡿ Ѽѡ ԡߴߴ ѡ Ӭ Ѽѡ ߵ ߬ ݼᵿ. 񿼫, ԫ ԫ ѽ, , ߬, ᬫӡ. ӡ, ޿ 񻫽, ԫ Կ ԫ ߫ ߫߬, ߽߬ ӫѼ 󽿴 Ѫ᡿, ᬿ ߫ѡ ߻὿ ԡ һѼ ߻ӫ. ԫ, , ٽ . Ӵ ߫ ѽ ެ ߻ Ѯѽ ӿԿ߬ . Ҽߴ , ѿ [ɿ. 5: 20]. Ѻҽ Կ ߬, Ѻ߽, ߻ӡ, Ἣ Կ ӿԿ߬ ߽ ԫ ѡ ӿ . ԬԿ 󫺼 Ѻ Կ, Ѻ ԬԿ Ἣ . Կ߬ Կ ѻ ٽ ѫԿ߬ ҽԫ, Ѯѽټ ѡѼ Ѯ Կ. 󫺡 ӫ ӫѼ ߫ ѽ߬ ᡿ ѡ ԫ, ԫ Ԭԫ ߼ԡ Ҽ, ѡ ߬ ᡿, ѬԡԿ ᡿ ѡ ߫ᡡ ѡ ѡ Կ. ߫ѡ ԫ, ԫ ߻ ߽߬ ѡ ѻѡ ԡѡ Կ , ԫ ߬ Ҫѡ. ѡ ѡ ߫ԫ ߽߬ ߽ ɫ߿ ӿ "߬ ߼", . ѫ ӫ߬ ѡ ạ ӿ ӿ 󫺡ѡ ߻ӫ ѡ : " ԫӿ ߬ ߽ ߴ ߬ ѽ. Ѻѡ ٽ ԫ ᡡٮ Ѫ ߽Ѽ ԿѼ, Ѫ ߽߬ ѡ ѡټ ߽Ѽ, Ѫ ߽߬ ެ Ӭ󡫮 . ԫ ٽ ߬ Ѫ "ѽѡѮ" "ӫ" Ἣ Ӭ:" (ӫ. ѫ ӫ߬ .502).17 ѡ ѽ ѡ߬ ѽ ԫ "ӫ ӫԿ ߫߬ ѬԿ󿺼" (. ѽ ѡ߬ . 252). 欫 , ѫի񿼫 ӿ, ԫ ѽ ӫ߿߬ ѽ Ὣ ߻߫ټ Ѫڿ իټ ẫ ߼ ѿ ߽. Ѯѽ ߬ѡ ߼߽ѡ ߬ ӫ޽ ԫ, Ӭ һ ޡү ݻ ѡ ѡ ӫ. ԫ Ἣ ӿ߬.

Ҫ ӿ, ԫ ԡ߿ѽ ԫ, ԫ Ӵ ߽ ٽ . ߱ ٽ . ߴ ߽, ѡ ԫӫ ԫ ѡ 󫺼 ߴ ԫ ߽. ẽ ٽ ٺ, ߬, Ѽ ӫ߫, ԫٮ ѽѡ ӿԿ᡿ ѽ: "ԫ Ѽ ԫ, Ѽ Ӻѡ ҪѼ?" 髺, ԫ ٽ 񡫮 , ԫ ߼ ӫԿ ѫ ߽. 佴 Ἷ ի- ԫ ٽ ѽ ߫ӫѡ, ѻԡ ӫѡ, ԫ ߻߫ ޽. ԫ ᡫ ԫ, ߻߫ ế ߫ӫѡٮ , Ԭ޿ߴ ѡ ѽ᡿. 欫 , ԫ Դ὿. ٽ ѽ ߫᡿ ߫ѡ ߽߬ իԿ߬ ߿Ѽ. ġ ӫԫ Կ. ԫ ٽ ӫԫ, ߡ ӫѡ. 忺 , Ѯѽ 󫺡ѡ Ҽ Ἣ , Ἣ ӵ ٽ ѽ ԫ Ѯѽټ ѡټ, ѡ ӫѡ , ԫ . , Ἣ ѡ ߫, ѡ ԫ ѡ ԫ ӫԫ. ѽ. ѵ ѽ ѡ߬ ԫ : ":ѡ ߽߬ Ҭ ߽ ᡿ߴ Ѽ ѽټ ӫ߫ ߫ ߽, ӫ󫺺ѡ" (.ѽ ѡ߬ .252). ӫѼ, Ҫ ߫ ߽. ѡ, ԫ ߫ ѽѡ ԡѡ Խѡ ߫ ڿѼ ԫ. ԫ ѡ, Ӫ ѡ "ѽ߬ ѡ Ἣѡ Կ" ( ԫ ߽ Կ ѡѡ ). 佴 . ᪡ Ἣ ᡿, ԫӫ, ߫ѡ ߻ ᡿, "ѽ Ѭ ᡿ Ѭ" ( .154). 񿼫, ԫ ӿ ӫ󫺺ѡ, Կ , ԫ ὿ . ӿ ԫ ѡ߬ ߿ѼԿѡ.  , ѡ ԫ ߿ѼԿ Կ ߽ Ѽ ӵἿ.  , ѡ Ӵ ԫ ߿ѼԿԿ ԫԿ ߽ Ե , ӿ Ѯ ߼ѽԿ ӿԿ, Կ ѡ . ѡ ԫ ԫѽ 󫽴 ӿ ߬Ѽ Կ . 佴 ߻ ѡ Ѽ - ԫ ߻ 󴺿 ڡԿ ݡ. Կ " ԫӫ: "18 (. ѽ ѡ߬ .255). Կ ߫߿ߴ. ԫ ὿ ߬ ߽, ߻Ҵ ԫ߬ ߽. ѻ ߫ ߡ ߽߬ . ѽѡ ԡѡ ԫ ѡӼ, ԫ ԫ ٮ ѽ ߬ѡ ߻ӿԿ ԫ. ӿѽ, , ߡ ѡ, ѡ߬ ߴ , ӿѡ Ӭ ӿ Ἷ߬ ߻ӫ. , ὿Ҵ Ѽ᡿, ӫѡ ӫԿ󡿬 ӿӿ , ѡ ѽ Կӫ: "ᡫ Ӭټ ߫᡿Ѽ Կ ߡ ѡ Կ ߴ ѫի񿼫Կ ẽ ԫӫ, ѡ, , ѡү , ݡ, ӿѼ, իԴ ߽, ѽ Ѫ ߫; ߿ ԫ ѽѡԿ ݡѮ Ѯ, ѽѬ ߴ Ѽ ټ ߫ԡ߿ߴ Ἷ , իԴ ѻѡ, ԫ ѡ ݡ Ѯүү - " ( .251).

꼴 Ե ѡ߬ Ѫ ߿, ߿ ߫ѡٮ, ߿ Կ. ūԫ, ԫ ߽, ҽӫ޿, ԫ "꼴 ", ѡ߬ ߡ, ԫ "񫽪 ӿߴ: 꼴 ѡ , , Ἣ 꼴 " ( .263). ūԫ Ѻ ߫ӿߡѡ Ѯ޿ ѡѼ ի , ߻ѡү ԡ ԡѡ, ԫӫ ѽ ӿ , ԫ ԫ ߽ һѼ ԡѡ ߫ѡټ ԿѼ , իԴ ݡ. ԫ 꼴 ߻ӿߴ 濼 ߿ѽ Կ19. 꼴 ߫Ӫ᡿.

ӫѼ, . ѽ ѡ߬ ѽ ү Ҫѡ, ӫڿߴ ѽ ҡ ߽ ѡ. Կ ү ҡ ѡ, ԫ, ᬫ, ߡ ѻѡ ټ Ѽ , ԫӫ "ѽѬ ߻ӿ Ѽ Կ Ѻ 񡿬" (. ѽ ѡ߬ . 256). ԫ ѡ ѡԫ ԫ ߽ ԫ , ߡ ߬ ѡ Ӭ Ҫѡ, ߡᡡ ӡ ѡ , ٽ ѡѮ ߫ԫѽ, ԫ 񫼫 , ᮡѮ , ߻ѬҽԿ.

Ҫѡ ǽѬѴ ӫ ӿ Ѯ իԿ ߽ Ե ߱ Խ ߽. Ѫ Կ ạѡ ի ԫ ߽᡿ ӫѼ ӫ߫ ߽. ѡ߬ ߽ ߫. , ӫ, Ѽߴ 󫺡Կ ߫߬ ޽ѡ ߫ ߽߬ ߫᡿ Կ. ߡ ӿ ӿԿ߬ ӫ߫ӵ᡿, ѵ ѽ Ὤߴ ҡ ᡿. ѡ߬ ѽѬ὿ ӫѼ, Ѽߴ ᡿ ӫ߫ ӿ, Դ ߫ӵѽԿ, ᡿ ޡ ѬἿ Ӭ󡫮 ߿󫽿. ߡ ῼѮ ݽѼѡԫ ߽20 ( ԫ 󫽡 , ԫ ߽ ѡ߬), Կ ߽ ᬫ 󴺿 ӵ. ӿѽ ԫ, ԫ, Խ Ե , ǽѬѮ ӫ ߴ ԫ߬ Ѫ ߡ󡫼 ߻߫ ᡿ ӿӫ ѡ ߡ󡫮 Ҽѡᵿ, ԫ Ѽ ѡ߬ ߡ Ҫѡ ߫߬ ԫ ᡿, ѡ Ӭ ߻ѽ ѡ. ߴ ߽, "߫ ѡ" ߫ Խѡ, ԫ ԫ ԫ Կ Ѽ ߬ ӫѡ, ҿԿ, ԫ, ԫ, Ѽ . ٽ ӡ , ԫ ӫԿ󫻫 ߽߬ ߫߬ ԫ ᡿. ǽѬѯ ӫ ӿѪ ếѽ ԫ ԡѡ . "ԡ߿ѽ ߫ : 1. ġ - , Ҽ 񫽪 Ѽ. 2. ӫԿ Ҽ 󫺼 ӿ ի Ҽ ӿ ի : 3. Ҽ , Ѻ - :" ( ڡԿ ݡ (ѡ) . 289).

Ѽ, 񡫼 Ѽ ѡ߬ ӫ߿ ѡ ڿ ߻ ӵἿ, Ҫ , ߿ѼԿ߬ Ԭ Ѻ, " ԫ 󫺼Կ ߫߬ Ӽ" (ſ Ѻ ѡ Ѽ . 275). ѽ ߬, ԫ ǽѬѮ ӫ ԴԿߴ ߫Ѯ. 欫, ӫԿ. ġ ߽ ߫, ߫ ߽үڿ. 欫 , , ԫ ߴ Ѽ, ԫ . ѡ, ԫ ԫ ᡿ 񫽪 Ѭԡ ᡿. ӫѼ, Ѫ (߬) ߽ ӿӫ ѡ 󫽡 ѡ , ԫ ӫ ٽ ѡ. ᪡ ٽ ԫ ᡿, ԫٮ ᬽߴ ӿѡ ᡿ (ԫ ٽ ԫӫѻѡ), ӿѡ . ѡ Ӭ󡫮 Կ ߴ Ҽټ ᡿Ѽ, Ҽټ ѽ᡿Ѽ. ūԫ, ԫӴ , ǽѬѮ ӫ ߼ӿ ѡ 꼴 "ԫ ѽ߬ ѮѽԿ"21. ūѼ Ӻ὿ ߽ެ ԫ "ӿ" Ҫ ӿӫ ѡ - ԡ. ѻԿ ޡ ߡ ӿߴ 22. 髫 , ѡ ߽, Խߴ ӫѡ ѡ ѡ߬ Ѽ, ԫ ǽѬѮ ӫ Ѽߴ Կ ߿ Ӭټ, ԫټ ԫ ӿ ԫ ӫ ѡ Ӭ ѡ , ᮡѮ , 󫺺ѡ, ӿ߻߫ѡ ޽ѡ ߫Ѽѡ ѽѬ. ߼ Ѯ Ѭѡԡ ӿԿ߬ Կ, ԫ, ߫ Ѭѡԡ, ԫ ߴ ӫἿ, ߫Ӫڿ ӫ ӫߡ ѡ ߽. ġ ߫ . ӿѯ, . . 񡫼 Ѽ ٮ ߽ ǽѬѮ ӫ, ԫӫ ԫ Ѽ ߻ ӿԿ , ѻѽټ ߬ѡ ߼ѡѼ ӫ߿ Ե ѡ߬ ԡ߿ѽ 񡫮 Ѯ : ": ӫ߿ Ӵ Ӭ, ԫ ߴ ѻټ, ߻ -Ѽ: ếߴ ԫ? ѡ ԫ ߫߬ Ѻ ߽, ԫټ : . ߽ ѡ, ԫ ߽үڿ ޿ ӿѺ" (ſ Ѻ ѡ Ѽ. . 275). ū ѻѽ ߼ѡ Ҫ ԡ ԫ Ѽ ߫ ӿ . ӡ, ѡ ԫ ӿᡡ ѡ - ߫ ۴ߡ ի Ҫѡ ӫ ݡ ڡԿ ߽ ѡ߬.

߽᡿ ǽѬѮ ӫ, , ԫӿ߬ ߡ. ġ Ὤߴ ԫӿ ӫ. ѡ ᬿ ẫ : "꼴߽". ߽ ѡ߬ ѫիټ ߼ӿ ԫ ߽ ( ӡ Ҽ, ԫ ѡ ԫѮ), ԫ ߫ѡ ѡ ԫ. 񡫮 ߬һҽѺ ẫ ԫӿ ԫ ѡ, ѽ Կ߬ ߡ᡿ ߽, ԫӫ ߴ Ӭ ѻټ ѡ ԫԿ23.

櫺ߴ Խѡ, ԫ ǽѬѮ ӫߴ ߽Ѽ, Ѽ ѽ ѡ߬. ߡ᡿Ѽ ԫ ߽Ҫ իԴ ԫ, ԫ ߫ ӫѼ ߽ ӿүߴ ѻ᡿ ѡ ݡ, ѻ᡿ ѻӿԿ ߫ ի-߿ԫ, "񼿡Կټ" Կ ӿի߬ իѡ. ԫ ạ, ߽ ߬, ѡ ѽ᡿. , Ҵ ѡ ߬, ٺᡡ ӵ ӿ, Կ 󡿼᡿ ԫ, ԫ Կ ߡ󡫼 ߫ԫ ѽѮ 񼿡ᵿ. Ѽ, ԫ Ӫ , ᮡѮ , ߬ ߫ ټ , ٽ ѽ ѽѡ, ߫ԫ޿ ᬿ ԡѡ Ӭ󡫮 ӫԿѮ ӫ޿ Կ ߽ ԫ (꼴߽ . 234). ӿ߬ ԫ, ԫ "ڿԡ" ߽ Ҫ὿ Ҫ ᡿ Ѽ. ԫ ٽ "ẫᡡ ", ԫ 󫽡 Կ, ԫ, Ѽ , ᡡ ߫ ԫ - ߻ѡ .

ǡ὿Ҵ ѻ Կ߬ ѡ ߽, ǽѬѮ ӿի , ԫ Ԭӫѡ , , - ݡ. ӿ ԫ ߴ ѡ ݡ24.

Ѽ ߽᡿ ǽѬѮ ӫ ѽ ߬ ӫѮ (Կ-ԡٮ, ߫߬-ѬԿ߬, -὿Կ߬) ߽. , ԫ ѡ - ὿Կ߬ ԫ, ӫ ѡ ὿ ѡ Ҫ һѮߴ "߫ ѡ". ѡ ѽٮ ԫ. ԫ ߫ ӫ ߻ӿ ԫ ߿Ẽ. ԫ ߴ ѽѡ ߼߽ ѽ. , ԫ ի ǽѬѴ ӫ ὿ ѽ ѽ, ԫ Ѽ ѡ߬ Ҽ ѽѡ, " ᡡү Ӭ󡫮 ӫԿѮ". ߴ ߽, ڿ ߽, ǽѬѮ ӿ Ӭ ѡ . ġ ٽ ѡ ѫټ ߫ԫ ѡ ӿԫ Ԭڿߴ ޿ ӫԫἿ , ԫ , , ߽ Ӫߴ Ӭ󡫮 Ӭ . ի ԫ ԫӪѡ ߫ԫ, ߫, ߬ Կ߬ ߻Ѭ ߽, ӿ Ҽ ѽ᡿ ԫ, Ѽ ߽ ߫ѡ "Ὣ"25.

ѽ ǽѬѴ ӫ, 󫻽Կ޿ߴ Ӵ 񫬽 ߽, ߴ Ѻټ ếѽټ. ūӫѡ ߿󫽿 Կ߬ ߽ Ԭ὿ Կ ᮡ ѡ. ӿ Ѯ ҪԿ ߻ѬԿ, Ԭڿߴ ߽үڿ ѽѡԫ, 񫽪 ӿ߬Ѽ ߬, ԫ ߽ ԫ, ޿ ѻ᡿ ѽ, ޿ Ӭ Ἣ ӿ, ԫ Կի ޿ ߫ ᡿ ԫӿ, ޿ߴ , ٽ Խ ߽ ѡ߬ .

߫ѡ, 󫺼Կ ߼ , ѡ ߽. ӫѼ, ԫ ѫի񿼫Կ. ᬫ ѡ ӿ ߬ , Ѽ ԫ 񻫽Ὣ .

髻ӫ ӫѼ ߽ ѡԫ ߬὿ ߫߬ ߽߬ իԿ߬ ӫѡ, ӿԿ Ӫѡ ߫ . , Կ ѽ, " " ѡ ԫ . ӿ ԫ ԫ ԡٮ, իѡ , Ѯ ߴү , , ԫ ѡ ᪡, ߫ᡡ ᡿ Կ Ѽ. ԡ. ѽٮ տ ӿ 񡿼 ӫѼ. ġ ѽߴ 󫿼 Ѫ᡿ 󫿼 ԫ . 佴 ѬԿ ᡿ ٽ ԫ ѬԿ. ū߼ӿ , ӫѡ ߽Ѽ: Կ ի-߿ԫ. ġ ޿ Ѯ ѡ Ҽ ѽ᡿. , Կ ѽ, ӫѼ ߫ԫ ԫ, ԫ ӫ ߽ 񡴽 ա ԫ Կ߬ ߻Ѭ, ѡ ӫѼ, ߽. ѻ᡿ ( , ῼ) ԫӫ ߬Ὣ Կ߬ Ӽҽӫ, Ѯ ѻӿԿ ѽ իѡ ߫ , Ҽ ѽ᡿. ƫ, Ѽ ѵ ӿ, ԫ ߽ѽ, ѡ ạ Ѽ߬ Ἷ Կ߬ ߽. ԫ ѽ. ѽ Ҫ , - ӿ, ѽ - ӿ , - Ѯ. ԫ ԡѡ ӿѽ ߽ ᡡ "Ԭӫѡ ߬ẫ:": " ߽ ѡ իӫ޿ ӫѮ . ٽ ѡ : ԫ , ѫի񿼫 ߴ, ᬫ , ԫ, ߻ , ԫ ӿ. ٽ ӫ ի ѻᡡ ; Կ ᬫ , ٽ Ҭᡫ" (Ԭӫѡ ߬ . 11-12) .

Ѽ ạ߿ ѡ ѡ ѽ᡿, ӿ Ѯ ӫ, ߽ ԫ , ԫٮ ߴ ѡ ߫ѡ իѡ, Ѯ ѽѡ. ԫ ӿ, Կ ѡ. ӫѼ, ߿Ẽ, ѡ ԫ ٽ ѡ " ", ԫ ߫ټ ẫ ԡѡ Կ, Կ. Կ߬ Կ ԫ ԡѡ 󽴯ߴ Ὣ. Կ - ѻѼѡ ߽ ѽ Ѯ᡿, ѽ Կ. ߿Ẽ ߴ ߫ټ, Կ߬ ẫ Կ . , ԫ ӿ޽ ߽, ӫ Կ߬ Ӽҽӫ ߴ 󻫽 ӡټ, ӫ ޿ټ, ߽ ӿ ԫ ߴ 񡫿۴ߡ , Ԭߴ Կ ߿Ẽ. 꼴 ӿ ԫ ѻѡ ѡ, ߬ ѽ ټ, Ѽټ ߻ټ ( .322). ѫի񿼫 ӿ ԫ, ԫ, Կ ѽ, ӵ 󿽿 񡫮 ߽߬ ԫ Ѽ ٽ : ӫԫ ѡ ѡ Ѻ ߽޿ ᡿ Ӽ ߫ ỿᡡ ߻᡿. ߽ ԫ 󫺡 ԴѼߴ Կ 30 ߻. ߬ ߬ ߽ ԫ߬ ѡ ѽ᡿ ޿ ӫѡ, ԫ Ԭߴ Ѯ , Ѽ ԫ ӿ Ѽ Ҽ. ѮѽԿ ԫ, Ѽ ӿ ὿ ߬ ᡡ, Կ Ѯ ӫԿ ѡ ӿӿ , ߿ ߻񡿬, ԫ ٽ Ե. ԫ ٽ ӫ񫽪ѡѼ ѡ ѡ ݡ, ԫ ٽ ӫ񫽪ѡѼ Կ߬ ѽѡ 7- ѽѡ߬ ᡿. ԫ ᬿ ẫ Ѯ 󡫮 Կ һὫ ӫԿ Ӭ Ҽ, Ὣ Ѻڿԡټ ӫټ ѽ߬ ѻ᡿Ѽ Կ߬ ҪἿ Ѽѡ. ĻѡἿ ߽ ӫ ߫ ѡ Ѽ һ὿ , ԫ ѡ ٽ ᬫ ߿Ẽ. ᵿ, ᡡ ԫ ޫ ߽᡿, ԫ ԫӫ Ѽߴ ߿ ߻ӿԡټ, ѡӼ , ԫ ԫ ߴ ӿӬ󡫮 ԫ ߫ Կ߬ , ѱ ῡѡ ӫѡ. ūԫ ߽ᮡ ԫ, ԫ ߻ ᡫ ԫ ߻. Ѽ ڿ տѻ߬ ᡡ ի߬ 󫱼 Կ ѫԫӫ ԫӪѡ ᮡ ѡ . " Ҽѡ ߽߬ ߻Ѭҽӫ᡿ ѡ ٽ ԫ ӫ ի ߡ. ѡ ߽Ѻ, ᴡ ѡ ѡ ߽Ҫѡ 潫 Ѯ Ѯ " (ի߬ .53). ԫ - һѪѡ Ѽ !