߻᡿ տѻ߬ ѫ ū߬*)
2 ѽ - 140 ߫ ӫѡ տѻ߬ ѫ ū߬
( 21.03 .. / 02.04 .. 1876 - +23.10.1937 )
տѻ.ѫ (ū߬). ū߽񡴴 ӿѡ ԫ

٬ ѫ ٽ ԫ ӫ ի ߬ԫ, ٽ ԫӫ ޿. ߼Ӵ Ἤٮ ߬ ӫ , ٽ , ὫԿ ߫᡿ ѽ߬ Ѽ ߬. ߬ ٽ ޡ, ӫ ! ٬ ѫ, ߫, ү, ߫ѡ Ӭ ӫߴ ߻᡿ ѡ ӫ, ѽ 1937 . ԫ, ߬. ġ ٽ ټ ԿѽѼ ѡԫ ԫ "ᬵ իѡ" - ѻ߬ ѫ, Ѭԫ , ѡټ ѽѼ . ġ ѽ , , ߫ӵ 񽿡ү, ߬ү ӫ, ߽ , ӫ ӴѮ ѡټ ѡ, ѽ 񽿡 ߽.

***

᡿ ߡ տӿ 濼ѫ, ޱٮ Ѯ Ҭ . տӿ 濼ѫ ( ´ 򫽼ӫ) 1905 . ٽ ߻Ѭԫӫ ߬ Ѽӿ. Ѽ 󫽯 ߫Կ ѡԫ ߫޿ ѡ Ѭԫ Ѽӿ, տӿ ѫ. ѵ 濼ѫ ߻ѽ ߽ ߫, ҽ Ѽ ߡ 󫡫, ὿ ѽ. (ū , ٺڿ ӿ ᡡټ, ѡ . 濼ѫ ٽ ߫ѡ Ҫ ߽ Ѻ ѫ ߬ ạѡ Ѭԫӫ ). ԫ Ѽѡ ѻ߬ ѫ 󽴽 ߻߿ѽ. ٬ ѫ ٮ ѡ ߻ Ѯ ѽ᡿. 1934 . ѵ 濼ѫ ٽ ԫ Ҽ ԯ.

***

٬ ѫ ӿѪ὿ ѡ ١ - Ѯ ӡ ᡿. 黫߽ ᡿ ի ٬, Ѽ ὿ Ǽӿ, 䪫󿽽. 1986 . ڿ ӡҽ ᡿ . 髺ߴ ἴ ԫѽ - ٬ ѫ. ӿ߬ ᡿ "߽ " ("Orthodox life", Jordanville, 1995) ӿѡ ߻᡿ ٬ , ԫ ߻ߴ ߽᡿, ݼӿӫ Ѫ. ᡿ ٬ ѫ Ӵ߬ . տѻ߬ ѫԿ ߬ ߻᡿ : "߽ᡡٮ -߫߬ տѻ߬ ѫ ӫ ѽѡ ߫ 󫿼 տᬫ ǡ᡿Ѯ, ӿ ѽѬ, ի, ߬, 󬽯 ߽߫ᡡ ߫Կ, - ѻ߬ Ӽ, ߽߫Ҫѽ ߬߬ Ѽ, ѻ߬ ỿ 諺ѽ߬, ߬ 󿪡 տҼѡ Ҭ Ѯ ӿ, ߻ Ҭ ӿ ӫ .ġ ޿ѽ ի, ߴ . ߫ѡ, ὿. ߽ᡡٮ Ѽ ӫ ѡ ӫ ߴ ԫ ټ 񫼿ѽѼ ԡ . ١ߴ ٺѡ ߫Կ, ԫ Կ޿ ѽ ѡڿ ӫ߿ߴ Ѭ .

***

ӫԫѮ 񿼿 ӫ (, ߬):
᡿ Ѫ 濡 ᡫ ѽ տѻ߬ ѫ (ū߬), ԫٮ ٽ Ҫ ᡫӫ 濡, ߴ, ԫ -ԫ . ԫ ᡿ ҼѡѼ ߻޿: " ԫ ߽ߴ? - ԫ, , ԫ ٽ իټ Ἷ?" ӡ, ԫ ԫ Կ ٽ Ҫ ԫ, , , Ԭ ٽ ᬿ ١߿ټ, ԫ Ҫ ӫӫ . ԫ ӿ Ԭ ӿ᡿ 󿪡.

***

ӫԫѮ ӿ ԫ, ޿ ի󡿬 ߬߬ ѻտ:
... ߬ ߫ Կ ٬. ūԫ ԫ , ԫ , Լ὿ ѡ . ӿ "٬ ߽ߴ" ѽ - ԫ Ὣӫԡ. ԫ "Ѽߴ" - .  ߬: "߱-ᬿ "߽ߴ", - ߽ , ԫ ὿, ԫ ԫ ӿߴ ѡ ừԫ . ߴ ټ իټ ѽ "ἡ" ѡ߬ ...


*) ū߽ ߽ѡ ѽ տѻ߬ ѫ (ū߬) //ԫ-߫ѽ ӫ .. - .: ᡿߬ ԡ, 2010. - 272 .