25000 ѡ ᡡ " ӿ ޿"

..ѽ
..., ӫ., . ӫ ӼԿ
䫬 ӫ 20 Ӵ 2005. Žѡӡ ᡿ XV 񡫮 ߽߬ 諡ѡ . 䫬 ٽ ӿӫ 70 ߽Ἷ: Ἷ ԫ ѡ ߻񡿬, Ἷ Ἷ, ڿ ѡ . 쿪 ߴ Ѭ 񫬽 Ѻ ᵿ
1. ѡ ѡ. ӿ ԫ ѡ ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ XX Ѭ: 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ, "ἴ ѡ ߻񡿬 " ߽ٮ ԫ-ƿի߬ Ҽ᡿ӡٮ ҡ߿ ( 2004. - ߽߬ Կ).
  • 諼߿ ᡫᵿ һ Կ ѡ, ԫѡ ѻտ, ߴ Ի󽴯ߴ Ԭ, ߴ ᡿ ѡ 濡 ӫѡ ᡫᵿ. ԫ ߫᡿ ӡ Ѽ, ԫ ߫Ӫ Կ ᡫӫᡡ ѡ, ᡫᵿ ԫ ԫߴ. Ѯ ӿ߽ѡ 1596 ѽѬ. 諼߿ "Կ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ XX Ѭ ". ޽ ԫ ߬߬ ѻտ (߫Ӫڿ 200 Կ).
  • ᡿ - Ѻҽ Կ᡿߬ Ҽѡ ߬ (ӽ߬) ѡ ӿὫ, ᡡ ѡἿ, ߻񡿬Ἷ 󿪡Ἷ Կ XX Ѭ. ߡ ѡ ѴѽԿ - " ԫ ӻڿ ߬ ӿὫ, ԫ ߡ ᡫᵿ ". ޽ Ѽ ԫ - ԫ ѡ 900 - Կ1, ѡ ӡ (www.fond.ru).
  • Խ ߫᡿ 諼߿ , ѡ ѡ ޿, ԫ Ҫ ᡫӫ, ᡫᵿ ԫ ԫߴ, ߫ߴ ѡ , ӿ ޿, ᡫӫᡡ, , ӫ ᡫᵿ ԫ ԫ. Ԭ ߬ - ԫ ѻ߿ ԡѡ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ. ߡ " ӿ ޿", ߫Ӫ 4000 ߬ ߻2. (martyrs.pstbi.ru) ߻ѡ 25000 .

2. ạѡ ߼߽ , ӫ񿼫 . ạѡ ߼߽ Ѯ , ѡ, Խߴ ߫᡿ 諼߿ .

ᡫ 񫬽 ߻Ѭ. ٮ ٮ ߻Ѭ - ߫ ԫ ӫٮ, Ѽٮ ү , ѡ ߬ ԫӿ߬ , Ҽѡ ߽᡿ Ԭ. ū߽ - ڡ Ӽᵿ ߿Ѽ, ԫ ߻ ԫ ٮ ߬ ẽ ѡ ԡ ߫Կ, ԫԿ߬ ߫ѡ ߽ , , Ἴ, ѡ ѡ, ѡ ạ ԫ .. ԫ ߻Ѭ "ټ" ߻Ѭԫ Ѯ .

ѡ ߽ Ҭӿӫᡡ ᡿, ߫ԡ ῼᡡ ԫ, ѡ Ѭ󿺿. ߬ ӿ ߻ߴ ᡡ Ѽ, ߫ԫѮ ߽ѽ ừѼ : , ѡٮ , ԫ. ԫ ӫѡ, ѡ ẫ᡿, Ҭѡ, ӿ, , ߽Ҫѡ ӫ᡿, , , , ٽ, ᡿ ᬽѡ, ѡ , ѡ, ѵӬ󡫮 ԡ ᡫᵿ (߽ ӫѡ). ѡӿ, ߴ ߬ Ӭ ݻ ԫѽ , ӡ ᬫ- Ѽߴ Ӭ󡫼 Ѵѽ. ӫ ԫ, ٽ Ҽѡ, ᵿ, ѽѮ, ԫ - ԫ ѡ.

ᡫ߿ ᡡٮ Ѭ, ߫ѡٮ ѽ ԫ. ѡ Ѭ ߻ " ӿ ޿" ѽ .

Ѭ󿺿ԫ , ӫ ԫ, ԫӴߴ. ѼὫ , ԫ ߫Ӫ ߫ԡ ѽ ԫ. ᬿ ԫӿ߬ ӫԫ . Կ ԫӿ߬ ӫԫ ᬿ- ᪡ ӫ ? Ҭ XX Ѭ ѡ ᬫ ѡ ӿӫ ӫ ѡ ( , Կ ӫ- ӫݬ). ӫ ԫӿ - ԫ ѽ Ѯ, ԫ ի һ Կ߬ ѴѽѮ, ѡ, , ԫӫѮ - Ѽ ߽᡿ - ѻ߿ӫᡡ ߽ ӿԿ. Ԭ ᬫ Ѽ ԫ ӫԿ ԫ .

3. ӿ ߻᡿ ᡡ " ӿ ޿".

3.1. ѡ ߻ߴ ߽᡿ ѽ߬ ѴѽԿ Ҫ ߴԿ . ӿ ߻᡿ һ ӿѡѼټ ԫ: ӫԫ ߬ 񡫼 ӿӿ, ԿԿ߬ ѡ ߬ ߬ ӿӿ, ߻᡿ ߽ ߬ ӿѡ . ޫ ԫ ٽ ԫ ᡿ 1993 Ǭԫ Ѯ ӿ ƿի3.

3.1.1. - ԫ ߬ ҬѽѮ. ᡿ ԫӿ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ ߡߴ ѡټ Ҭѽ, ԫ ߴ .

3.2. ٮ ỻ Ѯ ӿӡ Ѭ󿺿 ӫߴ ԫԿ߬. ԫ ߫ 󫺼Կ ٴѡ ԫӿ߬ ᬫӡѮ.  , ӫիڿ ᬫ- һ ѽ; ޿, ߽Ҫ޿ ᡡ Կ, ӫ, ; ޿ߴ ԡ ѡ .. ӫ ԫ, ѽ ԫ , Լѡ . ԫ ٽ ѡ տ տ , ԫ ߿ ᬫߴ Ἷ Ҽѡԫ.

3.2.1. 󫽿 Կ ԫ ߽ѡ Ѯ Ѯ ӿ ǽѬ߿ ڿ տ ߻߬ 󫺼 ԫ ᡫᵿ ԫӿ߬ տѮ߬ 2000. 佴 ѻտ ٽ ỿ ߻ѵ ӫἼ ޿ ӿ, ߽Ҫ޿ ޿ ѻտ. ѻ߬ -ӡԿ .

3.3. - ԫ ߫᡿ Ӭ󡫮 . 2000 ߿ ߽ѡ ỿ " ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ XX Ѭ". ꬫ ٽ ỿ ߬ ߿ Ҭ Ѭԫ ӫԫѴ 񿼿 ӫ Ѭ ҽ Ӭ - ӫԫѴ ǽѬ ٬.

佴 ߫᡿ ԫ ٽ 1000 ԫ, ߡ ԫ ٽ ỿ 100 ߯ Ѯ.

ޡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ӫ߽ѡ 1596 , ߴ Ѻѡټ ԫ, ԫӫ ԫ ߴ ߵ.

ߴ Կ 󡿼᡿ ѡѡ ӫ ӿ, ỿᡡү ߿. ӫԫ ٮ ѡ ᡿ ѡѡ ӿ 20 Ӵ 2000. , ڿߴ ԫ ѡ , իټ ѻԫ ߻ ԫ ѡ.

3.4. ӿӫ ߻᡿ ߽ ߫Կ ߬ Ѽ Ѭ󿺿 ߽Ҫ ߬ ӫ ᡡ - Ѭ ѡڿ, ԫ ὿ իټ ӫټ ԵἿ, ѡἿ, Ҫ4.

 ỿ ӫ: , , ɣ , .

ӿ ѡ ᡬ, ѡ ӫ: "ѡ . ᡡ, ޿ Ѻ, ߬ Ҫ ޽ ԯ ӫ ῡ߬".

߫. Ѽ Ѭ , ԫ , ԫ ӫ ᡡ ٽ ߴ.

ѡѡ 迻ӿ ѻ߬ ѡ߬ "ѡ ߫᡿ ѽ ӡ Ѽѡ". ᬿ ߫ѡ ټ ٽ ѽ Ѽѡ ѡ. "߽ ѡ ᴡ ԫټ, ߻ڿ, ڿ ӿ ѡ, ԫ ߻ Ѻ : ġ ѽ ѽٮ ѡѵ, Ѫڿ Ѽ ѡ: ѡ ᡿ ѡ Ӵټ"5.

ӿ ѽѬ ߻, ӿ ѡ, Դѽ ӿ 쿬 ԡ. ġ ߽ѡ ӫ 濼ѫ (򫽼ӫ) ӫѽѮ 󫿼 իټ Ե ӫի 󽫼 (ӫ)6.

߿ Կ ߻߽ ѡ Ѵ ߿ ѽ7.

ཿ ǽѬӫ ӿ ѽ ߫ 󫿼 Ե ǽѬӫ 伿ӿѼ, ޿ ӻӫӫӫ ѡ 濡, Կ ӫ ٽ Կ8. Ὣ ѡ߬ ѡ ѡ.

ѡ ߫ѡٮ ӿ 쿬 ԫ. (ԡ ի ѽ, ӫ߫). ġ Ѯ ԫᡡ ѡ Ѯ ѡἿ󡫮 ߻ . ġ ٽ ѡ Ѻ᡿Ѽ ԫ, ԫ ԫ ԫ Ѽ ѡ . ѽ ӿ Ѯ, ԫ "Ҫ ߿, Կ "9.

3.5. 髽 ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ XX Ѭ. ߡ ӫѡ ѻ߿ ѡ ԿԿ ѡ.

ա - ԫ; - ѽ. ġ ѡ ߫ԡѡ Ẽӫ ѡ . 佴 ѽѬ ա߬ ẫ᡿Ѽ, Կ - ӿ ἫҪѮߴ ߿Ѽ. ᬿ ߿Ѽ ߴ, ߽ ޡ Ѯ. ޡ ѮѼ, ᡫ޿ ԫ ӫ Ἣѡ, ѽ ѡ 髮.

ᬿ ӫ, ٽ 3, 5, 10 ߴ ޿10. ѡ Կ 󫽡 ѡ ѿѡ. 髽 ӫӵ ӫ߽ . 󫽴 ӫԿ ѡ ѽ Ẽӫ 󫽡 ѡ. ԫ ӫ ѡ 񫬽 .

3.6. ⫡ѡ ի ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ. ߻Ѽ ᡡټ ѻ߿ 440 տѴ. 237 տѮ ٽ ѽ ѡ ᬽѡ. , Կ ӫ ߽ ѻ߬ Ѭ 󽴯ߴ ӻڿ, ԡ ѽѡ ԫ ߻߬.

, ԫ ѻ߿, ѡ ի - Ӭ һѡ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ ѽ ᡫٮ ҽӡٮ . 諽᡿ ѡ߿Կ ѻ߿ 1,5 - 2 1923 1936 󽴯 ѡ 󫽡 ѡ ( Ѽ ߽), ߬ ߻ޡ ѻѬڿߴ ӫ. ի ٽ ѡ ٮ ߬ Կ.

3.7. ѻ߿ ӫ߿߬ ҡ߿11. ߽ ѡ ӫѡ ޿ ӿ ٻ߬ ѻѽѮ Կ ҡ߿ԫ ɫ߿. ԫ ѡ ߻ѽ ߿. ӫѼ, ѡ ẽѮ ѴѽԿ ߿ԫ, ҡ߿ ӿի񿽫 үڿ Ѯ, Ѽ Ὣ. ߴ ѽѡѼ ߽ ޿ ٻ߬ ҡ߿, ޿ ҡ߿ 1880 - 1930- .

ū ߴ, ԫ ٮ ߫ ӫѡ ޿ (4.5%)12, (3%), Կ ԫ ߬ ҡ߿ (2,7%).

ߡ ѡ, ѡү ԫ-ƿի߬ ߿ ѺҽἿ 諼߿ ѡ 濡 ᡫᵿ ѡ ߻񡿬. 諼߿ ѽ һ ڿ տ. Ѻҽ ѡ Կ ߫Ѽ ạټ ӿӿ ߴ ếѽ .

3.8. ߻ѽѡ ѻ߿ ҽ ӫ߿߬ ҡ߿ԫ13.

߽ ԡѡ ޿ ߽ ѡԫ, ԫ ߽үڿ ӫѡ ҽ ҡ߿ԫ:

ԫӿ-߬ - ~9%, ӿ߬ - 2%, -ѼԿ߬ - 1,5%, 񿵿߬ - 1,5%.

ƫ ӿѽ ٮ 񿡡ٮ ԫӿ . ӿԫ 50. ѼԿ, 񿬫 ~70.

۴ߡ ᬫ ԡ ẽ ߽ ޿?

ԫ ԫ, ԫ үڿ ԫӿ ӫѡԡ ԡѡ ٽ 6 , Ѽ үڿ ѼԿ, , 񿬫, - , ѫ߬ ԡ, ߫ѡ ߽὿. 񿼫, ٽ ԫ ӿ.

3.9. Ļѽѡ ѽ ѡ ѡ ի .

Կߴ ߫Ѽ ԫ Ӽᵿ - ԫѬ .. , Ẽѡ ᡿Ѽ "໿߬ ѻտ". .. ߫ ԫѬ ѻտ. ӿ ᡿ Ǭԫ ӿ ƿի ԫԿ߬ ٽ ѫẫ ԫѬ ѻ߬, ߻: ѻտ ѻ߬. ūӫ ߽ ߽ ի 1917 - 1947 ( "໿߬").

Խ 󡿺 ѽ - ߡ . ᬿ ẫ, ߡ ѽ ߽ ѻ߬.

Խ ߡ ӿ ߿ ߽ ѻ߬, ԫ ѯ 󫺼 ߽Ҫ - ѽѡ ( "໿߬").

ѻ Խ , աѮ Ѯ ѽѡ ߽ ѻ߬, ԫ իߴ ᬽѡ - ߿ ( "ѡ").

ߴ ѽ Ѽ - ԫ, ߡ󡫼, ( 100 ѻ߬) ԫ ߽ 1920- - 30- ѿԡ, ԫ ߴ ߽Ἷ: "Ѯ ѿԡ". ԫ , ԫ ի񿽿 ӫ , ᡵѽӿ ӫ ߽ . - ѽ ԡ ԫӿ Ѯ Ӭ XX Ѭ. ѡ ߽ ߴ ӿ޽ ѡ Կ . ѽ ạ ɫ߿ 1937 - 38 ., .. ѽ ԡ ߫Կ ӿӡ 5%.

3.10. ѡ ᡡټ "Ѽӿ". ᮡ ѡѡ ѡԿ ѻ߿ "ѽ ӫ" 1937 - 1938 14. ѡ ߽ѡ ѽ , ѽ ԫ, Ὣ, ԫ ӿӡ ٮ ٮ , ԫ ߫ԡѡ ߴ ޿ ޫ ᡬ-. ūԫ 񻫽, ԫ ߻߬ ѻ߿ӫᡡ, ԫ ߫󽴯ߴ "Ѽӿ" ᬪ ӿӡ 5% ޿ .

ūӫ ޿ ߡ ѡ 1937 Ѭ 1938 ߴ (ߡ ) ѻ߿ӫᡡ ᬪ ߴ ߡ ѡ "Ѽӿ"15, ѽѡٮ 20 (߿ ).

ѡ , ԫ ὴ 1937 ӿӡ ߫, .., Ѯѽ, ٮ 20- . 1938 , ӿӡ, ٮ - 40-, ԫ - 100-. , ԫ ߽ᮡ ѽ Ѯ ѡ ѡ ѻ߿, - ԫ Ѻҽ Ѯ ѡ.

۴ߡѡѼ ԫ ѡ ߽Ҫ ԫ, ԫ 16.04.1938 . ٽ ᡫ ūᡫѡ ѺҼ ի ᵿ 諼߿ ѺҼ ӫ ҽ (߼. [12], .25). 񿼫 Ҫ ԫ󿽿 ԫ ūᡫѡ, ԫӫ Ὣ ѡ ѽ ҡԫѡ Ӭ 󫺼 ( ԫ ѡ ) ᡿ߴ ӿӡ ߴἿ Ҫ ѻ߿ӫᡡ ѽ ԫ ѡ, ԫ ỽ᡿ӫᡡ ( ԡ ѡ) - Կ߫ ߴ.

3.11. ԿԿ ѡ " ӿ ޿"

2005 ӿ 624
1681 ǡ 530
ǽѬ 1487 ǽѬ 362
߿ 1426 񫬿 314
1130 ߬ 222
944 221
ǽѬѮ 827 ǡ߿ 212
ѽ 703 ӿ 202
񿼿 667 Ľ 184
636 ѡ 140

ѡ ԿԿ ѡ " ӿ ޿".

"ū ѡ Կ" - ѫԿ Ӽҽ Կ:

ټ ߻ӫѡټ ѡѼ ѡ ٽ - ᡡ. ߴ ᡫ ٽ ᡡ ߽, ᡡ Կѽ, ᡡ 髿, ԫ . ( 68 ѡѼ ᡡ ٽ ߬ Ե). ƫ ᡫ ӫ ޿ ѡ, , 󫺼. ᬫ 쿬 Ե ٽ Ѽ, Կѽ 쿬 ٮ Կٮ, ԫ, , ᡫ ޿ ѡ Կ ߴ Ѽ߫ 쿬. ūԫ ӫ Կѽ 쿬 "󿽫 ӫԫԿ" ߽Ҫ ѡѼ ի ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ XX Ѭ.

ӿ ޿ իߴ ѡ . ٺ ߻߫ , ӿ ޿, ἴ ԫ ߴ . ٮ ѡ ޿, Կ ߻߬ 20 ѡ 161 (ٮ ޫ, 151 ѽ). ӫ ߬޿ߴ ԫ ѡ ӿӡ ԫᡡ.

ū ѽѬ, Ҭᡡ ߻߬, ߼ ѡ, ԫ Ѽ Ѽ.

Ҽԡ ᡡ ẫ ᡡ . ԫ , ԫ 20- - 21- ѡ, ߬ Կ ỿ Ե ߬ټ, ԫ ԫ ӫ ԫ Ѵ ѡ 濡 ᡫᵿ, Ѽ ߻߬. 131 ѽ, Ҽ, ԫᡡ Կ ߴ ߬ ߻.

127 ӿ߽ѡ , ߴ һѡ.

ӫԫѮ ᡡ ǻ߿ ѽ 21 Ӵ 1938 ߬ 77 . ū Ѽ "߬ ѽ" ٽ ѽ 55 ѽѬ. ūԿ ٮ ѡ ᬿ-ԫ 񡿼 ߬ Ἷ ɫ߿, ѽ ߡ ޿. 21 Ӵ ߬ - ῡ ӫ . 50 - 100 ޿ ٮ ѡ.

4. 25000 ѡ ᡡ. 佴 ԫ ԫ ѡ Ѻҽ - 25000 ѡ, ѫի񿼫 Ԭ ߻ ԫӿ ѡ.

  1. 1989 ٽ ߫ 濡 ߿ ѡ ӿὫ ᵿ իѡ Ӵ, Ҭ ߫ѫѡ 񿼿 (ԫ ӫ ɫԫ߬ Ӭ߬). ѡ Ѯ ӿ ǽѬ߿ ڿ տ ߫᡿ 諼߿ ѡ ὿ ѽѡ, ὿ Կ߬ , Ԭ ٽ ӫԡ ټ.
  2. ⫡ѡ, 󫮡 ѽ὿ ѽ - ἴ ѡ Կ߬ ٽ . ߫ѡ ߴ ޿ ӿ ѡ ߴ ٽ ӫѡἿ. 諡, 90- ӿ, ԫ ѻ߿ ߻ա . -ᬿ ٽ ҡԫѡ 󴺿 ѡ, ߽ ѡ 󫮡, ԫ ԫ ѽ Ҽӽ, ὿ ӿ .
  3. 1992 ٽ ߫ , 諼߿ Ҫ Կ߬ - Ѭѡ һѡ Ѽ. ԫ ٽ ѡ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ǽѬ߿ "߫ԫ ߽᡿ ԫӿ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ ߽󡫼 ԫ-ƿի߬ ߽߬ Կ" Կ տ ᡡ ( 2000 ѡ), ߫ᡡٮ 諼߿Ѯ. Ὣ, ԫ 5000 ѡ ߫, իԴ ڿ ߫ѡ ٽ ߡ, ԫ ޿ ߫ԡ ߴ.
  4. ūԫ ᬿ ӫԡټ 󽴽 Ѽ ߴ ԡ, ߴ.
  5. үڿ ߴ ӿ߽ 20000 ѡ.

ӼԿ, ѡ ѡ ԫ ߫ߴ, ߴ ߴ . 11 Ӵ 2005 . ᬫѡ 25.000 ߬ ߻ 4.070 ԫ. ԫ 15 ӿ Կ 50 ѽѬ, ߡ ԫ ݡҺ. 髻Ѭ Ѽ ᡿ ߬ӫ ߡߴ, ѽߴ.

ԫ Ѽ ѻ߿ ի, ѡ߽ҪѽѮ Ӵ?

ٽ ѻ߿ӫ: 4 - ӿ 440 ի. ѽ, ѡ ٮ ԫӫ .

12.200 ѻ߿ӫᡡ ѡ߽ҪѽѮ: ӫԫ - 1.600, ѡ - 8.700, ᬫ - 900. ѽ, ѡ ٮ ԫӫ - Կ.

ѡ߽ҪѽѮ, ի Ӵ 25000 ѡ. ѽ, ѡ ٮ Կ.

" ӿ ޿" ѡ ӡ 1996 : pstbi.ru, 2014. martyrs.pstbi.ru. Կ 9 ԫ ᡡ Կ 150.000 ѽѬ. Ԭ ߴ ~ 3.000 ᡿ ӫ ɫ߿, .

5. ԫӫ, , ᪡Ѯ޿ ߻Ѭ Ѯ . һ ѡ ٮ . ừ . ѡ , ޿ӫ һټ, ѡ ߴ , ԫ ѽ ү-ԫ 󡯯 ѡἿ, Ѫ ߻ ߼ԡ ߻᡿ ԡ ѼѮ ᡿, ԫ 󫺼 ٽ ӫӿ, ԫ ὿ ӫ. ѻ , Ҫ Կ ѡ Ҽѡ Ӫѡ, ߴ , ߻ ѽߴ ӫԴ, ԫ ߫᡿ ἴ. ӫ Ӫ Ѽ, ѡ, ߡ󡫼, ѡ ѽ 2005 .

  • " Һ ߬ ѻտ ѽ ߬ ӡ߬ , ӫ - ߽ һ ѽ, ߫ڿ, ԫ ѡ ѡ իߴ үڿ ѡ ӿ". Ѻҽ ѻ߬ ߵѡ ԫ.
  • ſ ӫ-߬ ( ѽ Ӵ) e-mail " ӫ Ӽᵿ: "ߴ ѡ , ѡ 漿ӡ 쿬 ӫ, ѡ Ѽ? ". ὿ ӿ ѡ - 漿ӡ 쿬 ӫ. ѡٮ ӫ-߬ - ٮ.
  • ӿիᡬ ի ӫѡ-ѡ, Ҫ ԫ ỿ᡿ Կ, ԫӫ իߴ Կ Ӵ . ӯ, ԫ Կ Ե ߬, , ԫ . ѵ ߬ ӫѽ ӫү , ỿ 900 Կ, ӿ߽ѡ Ҫ 1596 ѡ, ԫ Կ .
  • ӿ޽ ѽ ѡ ѡ, ѽ 3 ѬӴ 1937 ѽԽ, ѽ (VII-VIII ޽ ѽӬ). ġ ӫ 髽١ڿ, ߽Ҫ ԫ߬ Կ. Ѽ 90- ѡ, ӫ ӽ: " ԯެ ٽ ߽ 櫽 Ѫ. ſ ٽ ӿի񿽿, Ѽ ὿. ӫ Կ, ԫ . ߽ ԫ Ѻ ѻ߬ ". ԫ , ԫ , ߽ , Կ, ᬫѵ, Һ ѡ һ Ե, Ѽ, ߬ , Ҫ 50 . ᬿ ߫ѡ ӫѡ ѽ ѽ὿ Ҫ 100. ٴߡѡ ޿ 󫺼 ԫ ԫ, ԫ ѡ ӫѡ, Ἣ, տ ߴ ү .

ᬽѡ.Ԭ ԫӫ ᪡ٮ ߻Ѭ Ѯ Ӽҽӫ . ӿᡡ ԫ ߫ ߫᡿ ޿ߴ ߽ ѡ һ ӫ񡫮 ἴԿ, ߽Ҫ ᡫѡ ѡ ߬ .

, ԫ ӫի ѡ ѡ ἴԿ. ߫ߴ 󴺿 Ѫ ټ ߴἿ ߫Ѽѡ Ѯ, Ҫ ޿ ڿ Ѯ, ޿ ټ - ӫټ ӫ. ԫ Ӫ ߬ӿ ԫ ӫ, Ҫ ѡ, ԫ Ѽߴ ѡ ѡ, ߻޿ ۴ ӡ. ġ ߫ Ѽ ѽ ߫ ޿ ѡѡ ߻񡿬, ԫڿ ԫ ڿߴ ѻᡡ ߻ѡ ɫ߿.

70 ѡ - Ԭ Ѽӡ ԫӿ.

ѡѡ 迻ӿ Ѽ Ѭ : "߽ Ԭ ߻᡿ (ѡ ӿ) Ѭߴ , ߴ , Ԭߴ , ߴ ᡿, ߴ ߼, ߴ : ѡ ߫ ᪡, ߫ѡ ᪡ ѻ, ӿի ѡ, Կ ѽѡ, Ѽ ӿӫ ѽ ߽ ѡ"16.

ԫ ߽ ԫ ѡ Ѻ 18 ԫԿ. ġ Ӭ , ԫ Ӵ ѡ, Ӭ ԫ ѽ.

ѡ, ߴ 󽴯ߴ : տ ѽ, ԯѼ ԫ, ߻᡿.

ūӪѡѼ ի󡫮 Կ ѡ ޿ ӿ ߴ Ѽ Ἷ, Ҫ 10 , ߫ ӫ ߽ ѡ ѡ, ѡ Ἷ, ӫ ԬѼ ɫ߿ Ἣ17. ԫ ߫ ӫԫ ߽ᮡ.

ӫ ѡ - Ѽ ӿԿ!


  1. ӫ ߬ (ӽ߬) ѡ, ߻񡿬 󿪡 Կ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ // ƫ 1 - 7. . 1994 - 2004 .
  2. ӿ ޿. ⫡ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ, 1917-1956 // ߬ ߻. .1. - / ., - . 1997. 704 .
  3. Ǭ Ѯ ƿի, ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ɫ߿, Ѯ޿ Ҽѡ ѻ߬ ᡫ߬ Ѽ Ѯ Ӭ󡫮 Կ, 1917-1943 . // . .. / ., - ߽ ԫ-ƿի߬ ߽߬ Կ. 1994. 1064 .
  4. ѽ .. 񡫮 ѡỿᡡ ᡿ ߬ ԫӿ XX Ѭ // ߽߬ ѡ ߽ ԫ-ƿի߬ ߽߬ Կ: ӿ 1997 . / . , 1997, . 169-172
  5. . 迻ӿ ѻ߬ ѡ߬. ѡ // - Ὣ. . 1999. . 720 (߼. . 325).
  6. . ӫ ѽ (ӫ) // . . 2003. .136
  7. . ѽᬫ .. ߻᡿ ӿ // - ߬߬ ӿտ. 2001. . 96
  8. ӿ. ӫ. ߻᡿ ӫѡ // - . . 2001. .228
  9. . ߽ѡ. ߻᡿ Ѽ ԫ 櫬 // 3- . . ӫ-. 2002. . 320
  10. ѽ .. ĵѡ ԿԿ ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ XX Ѭ // ҽ. ẫ᡿. ߽: . ӿὫ .-. . / ū . ..ѽᡫ, .իᡫ. ӫ߽߬ . ҡ-. 1996; Emel'janov Nikolaj E. Una storia dei martiri scritta a computer // "La Nuova Europa", N3, Italia, 1998, p. 23-34 ( ߬ ٬); ѽ .. ĵѡ ԿԿ ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ 1917 1952 . ( ᡡټ 1999 .) // ߽߬ ӡ N3 / , ., 1999, . 258-274
  11. ѽ .. ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ҡ߿ԫ // ߽߬ ӡ N10 // , ., 2002, . 471 - 482
  12. ӿ Ѯ " ѡ" NN 18 - 20, 23, 29, 30, 35, 36, 45 1998 - 2002 . ѡ 50 ޿ ӿ ѡԫ, ѻѽѮ ٻ߬ , ߴ ӿ߽ѡ .
  13. . ٽ 11.
  14. ѽ .. ѡ ԿԿ߬ ѡ ѻ߿ 1917 - 1938 . // 񡫮 ߽߬ ѡ ߽ ԫ-ƿի߬ ߽߬ Կ. ., , 2002, . 182 - 188
  15. ԫ ߽᡿ ӫ񿽫 -߬ " Կ߬ ӫ ", ᡡ "Ѽӿ" 2001 ( ѡ 26 - 130.000 ѽѬ).
  16. . 迻ӿ ѻ߬ ѡ߬. ѡ // - Ὣ. . 1999. . 720. (. . 400, 393).
  17. ѽ .. Ѭԫ , ᡫѡ ᡡټ Ӽᵿ ߿Ѽ "ѡ ߻񡿬 ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ XX Ѭ" // ߽߬ ѡ ߽ ԫ-ƿի߬ ߽߬ Կ: ӿ 2000 . / . , 2000, . 348 - 352