ٻ߬ ӡὫ ᡿ ѡ 濡 28 ѬӴ 2017 ѽ Ѯ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ ӿ

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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ӫ 󬽯ѡ ӫԫѴ ӿԫ ѡ ޡ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

: ӫԫѮ ӿԫ ӫߴ 1883 ѡ߬ Ѽ ѽ ӻѽ ὼ߬ Ѻ ߬ yӡ ( 1939 ѽѡ ٽ ѽѡ ᡿Ѯ Կ).

ū߽ ѡ ǽѬӫ-߬ ի󡫼 1903 ᡬ-߬ү իү Ѽӿ. Ѽ ӿ߬ ẫ᡿ ᡬ-߬ ҡ߿ 1909 1917 . ᡵѽӿ ߬ ѡ-ӡԫ ѡ ߬ .

1917 󫽿ߴ ѡ ߽Ҫ 1917 ạѡ 濡 󿺿 ǽѬӫ-߬ . Ѽ, ѽ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ, ӿ Կ ӫ߿߬ Ӭ . Ѭ 1917 ᡿ҽ ߼ ӡߴ ߬ - Կ ᡿. 1918-1919 . . Ѭ (١ ӿ߬), Ӭ ߽᡿ Ὣڿ Ἣ (١ ߬ ) ɫ ԫ ӫ. 1919 һ Ӽ ѡ, - Ѻ ٽ Իѡ Ӽ߬, ѽӫѽѼ Ӽ߬ ѽѺ ӫ.

1921 1934 . ߽Ҫ ѡ ѡ: 1921 1930 . ӫ ӫ߬ Ӭ ɫѡ߬ ҽ, Ѽ 1932 ߬ ҽ. ᮬ߬, 1932 1934 . ߫-ѫѡ߬ ߫.

17 Ӵ 1934 ٽ ԫ ѡ Կ 󫽯 տ߬ ᡿ᵿ " . Ӽ ߬". ū ѽ ӫի񿽿 ߡ󡫼 ѡ߽Ҫѽ, ޿ ԫ, ߫ѡ, ӿ὿ Կ ԫ ᡿ᵿ ὿ ᡿ . ᬫ, ߽ ٻ߬ ߽ѡ ѽ, ߬ ѽѬ Ԭ὿ ᡿, ԫ ߽ ӫԫѮ ӿԫ . ӫԫ ӫ Ե ӿԫ 23 ὴ 1934 ߿ӫᡫ ߽ү ѡ: « ѴѽԿ " . Ӽ" ӿԫӿ ᡿Ѯ, ᬪ ӫ Ѽ ᡿ ᡿ 񽫪ѡ ӫԫ ӿ߬ Ԭ, Ѽ ߻». Ҫѡ ᡫѡѼ ӫ . 58 . 10 11 ᬽѡ . ᬽѡ ԫ. 欫ߴ 8 ѡԴӴ 1938 ӡ . ԫ իӫѡ ѿԡ.

ѡ ѽ ޡ ӫߴ 16 ѬӴ 1880 Ѽ ѡ ߫-ѫѡ߬ ѡ߬ Ӭ ԯѡ߬ Ѻ ӫ߬ ӡ (١ . ԯѡ߬ ᮫ 髽߬ Կ) ǽѬ ޡ.

Ĭ ӫ߬ү իү Ѽӿ, ԫӫ ٽ ٻѡ 1905 ԫ ԫӫ Ӵ. ūԫ Ѽ ѽ ߽Ҫ ѽѼ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ. 1913 Ҭ ạ ߽Ҫѡ ѽ߬ү Ӭ ԯѡ߬ Ѻ, ٽ ӿ ߽үڿ - 󻽫 Ѯ ѡ߬ .

ӫ 󫮡 󫽯 ѡ߽Ҫѽ Կߴ ԫ ի-ѡ ӫ Ѯ , ӫ ߫. ԫ ѽ ٽ ߫ ӿի߬ ѡ ѽ߬ , ߻ѽ ӫҬ ᡿ Ѫ ѽ ӿի.

1917 Ѭԫ ӿի Ե ỿ὿ ѡ-񫡫 ԯѡ߬ Ѻٮ ӿ. ٽ ۴ѡ ѡ: ӫ ѻ󿡫ѡ ѽ. ū߽ ѡ ߽᡿ ѵ ѽ ٽ .

22 ὴ 1918 ٽ ѫᡡ ԫ Ҽ ѽἿ ԯ߬ ߻ѽ , ѡ ߫Կ Ҫ "ѽѮ", իԴ ӿ ߬ ٽ Ҫѡ. 23 ὴ Ե ѽ ѽ ѽ߬ , ѽ ٽ.

ūԡ 1917-1918 . ѽ ӫ ӫ߬ ӫ߬ ѡ (񡿵), ѽҴ ᡿ 9 ѽ 1918 .

20 ѡԴӴ 1918 ߽Ѽ ᡿ ūԡ Ѭ .. ѿ (ڿ ԫ ѻѡ ; 1922, ἴ 31 / 13 ) Ѽ 񫬽 " ѡ Ӭ ѡ" ߽ ѡ߽ҪѽѮ, "޿ Ӭ" һҽ ѡ ޡ.

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  1. ӿ ѡ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ 󬽯ѡ ѡ ӫԫѴ ӿԫ ѡ ޡ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.
  2. 鬽 ᡡٮ ӫ Ԭ ԫ տѮ߬ .

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䫬 ѫѡ ӫ 髽߬ ӿ, ѽ ѽ ޡ Ӭ Ѯ, ᡫᵿ ѻ߻񡿵 ӿ (ᡫ), ߫ѡ Һ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ.

: տҼѡ , ǽѬӫ ᡿󿽿 (ᡫ), ӫ 1 ѽ 1868 Һ Ӵ߬ Ѽ. ū߽ ӫѽѮ ӿ ӿ ԫ ừԫ 쿡 ѡѼ ѡ὿. 1905 Ҭẫ Ѯ 濡 ٽ ạѡ ԫѽѮ ūӫ߬ ѡ߬ ѽ ߬. 1910 Ἷ Ὣ ӫѽ -ѡ߬ ߬ ߬, 1915 ٽ ӿѡ ѽү տ ѡѼ .

1924 ߬ ٽ . 1931 տҼѡ Ҽ Ἷ ѽ ԫ὿ ӿӿ ٽ Ӭ߬ү . ū߽ ᡿ ӫ ٽ , Ҫ Դѽ ӬҽѺ, ӡҽ ߬ 23 1936 ԫ޽ ߻.

22 ѬӴ 2016 ѡٮ 濡 Һ߬ ӿ ӿ ѡ ᡫᵿ ѻ߻񡿵 ӿ (ᡫ), Ѽ ѽ ѽ ޡ Ӭ Ѯ ߬߬ ӿ ӫ 髽߬ ӿ 񫼿 ѽ ꡫᡡ ѽ Һ߬ ӿտ ӫ ߬ ߬ ߿ 󫿼 30 2017 .

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  • ѡѼ ߻ ӿ Կ ӫ߽ѡ ѻ߻񡿵 ӿ (ᡫ).
  • 鬽 ѻ߻񡿵 ӿ (ᡫ) ߴ߽ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ ѽѡѼ ᡿ ἴԿ 10/23 , ԫ ᡫѡ Һ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ.